Dortmund


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Dortmund

(dôrt`mo͝ont), city (1994 pop. 602,000), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, a port on the Dortmund-Ems Canal. It is an industrial center in the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany. The Ruhr lies along, and north of, the Ruhr River (145 mi/233 km long), which rises in the hills of central Germany and flows generally west to the
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 district. Its manufactures include steel, machinery, and beer, and it is a growing high-technology and research center. First mentioned c.885, Dortmund flourished from the 13th cent. as a member of the Hanseatic League but later (17th cent.) declined. From the mid-19th cent. the city grew as an industrial center. It was badly damaged during World War II but has been rebuilt; many historic sites have been restored. Outstanding buildings include the Reinold church (begun in the 13th cent.) and a large convention hall (Ger. Westfalenhalle), built from 1950 to 1952. The city has a university and a teachers college.

Dortmund

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land of Nordrhein-Westfalen, on the Emscher River and the Dortmund-Ems canal. Population, 648,900 (1970). One of the most important industrial centers of West Germany.

Dortmund is a major transport junction—the “gates” of the Ruhr coal basin. In 1968 the turnover of goods and cargo at the railway junction was 38 million tons and at the river port, 5.5 million tons. Coal is mined in the Dortmund region. Industries include ferrous metallurgy, machine building (including machine-tool construction), electrotechnical items, chemicals (including fertilizer and plastics), and food products (especially brewing). The city has large banks and commercial and industrial firms. Its educational facilities inelude a university, the Institute of Spectrum Chemistry, the Max Planck Institute for Industrial Physiology, a mining school, the Higher Engineering School, the Pedagogical Academy, and scientific research institutes of the coal industry, among others. There is a theater. Since the 1100’s it has had the legal status of a city.

Dortmund

an industrial city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia at the head of the Dortmund--Ems Canal: university (1966). Pop.: 589 661 (2003 est.)
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