Dorylaeum


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Dorylaeum

(dŏrĭlē`əm), ancient city of N Phrygia, Asia Minor, now in NW Turkey. It was an important trading city of the Romans but later fell to ruins. At this site on July 1, 1097, the Christians of the First Crusade defeated the Seljuk Turks. Many scholars hold that the modern Eskisehir is near the site, but the question has not been settled.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abbott Nullius of New Norcia, Bishop Titular of Dorylaeum, Administrator Apostolic of the Kimberley Vicariate in North
The conquest of Jerusalem, preceded by resounding victories over the Turks at Dorylaeum in Asia Minor and at Antioch in Syria, and followed by the defeat of the Egyptian Fatimids at Ascalon, set the stage for the foundation of the Christian kingdom of Jerusalem, the most important portion of the crusader states thereafter known informally to the Franks as Outremer.
He appeared to confuse the disaster which overtook a rabble led by the colourful Peter the Hermit with the facts of the battle of Dorylaeum, where Count Bohemund fought a planned and successful action against Sultan Kilij Arslan who commanded significantly greater forces.
It has been proposed that this may have been in the region of Dorylaeum, the modern Eskisehir, in north Turkey.
A location in northern Anatolia is suggested, which is supported by the association of the monastic centre of Medikion (where St Niketas was located, who was important for Mark) and Dorylaeum (with its likely connection with the Geneva cross).
Compare, for example, the account of the Battle of Dorylaeum in Chapter 7 of Bohemond with the description of the same events in Chapter 3 of Knight.
Hagenmeyer suggests that they are (1) The battle of Dorylaeum (July 1097); (2) The battle of Heraclea (September 1097); (3) The battle at the Iron Bridge on the banks of the Orontes (October 1097); (4) The battle against the Turks from the castle of Harnec (November 1097); (5) The battle against a Muslim force seeking to relieve Antioch (December 1097).
But the method of composition from such sources is far more complex than this assertion suggests, and Murrin demonstrates in rich detail how Tasso transposes elements from historical battles such as Dorylaeum and the siege of Antioch to represent military activity around Jerusalem.
One of France's incidental achievements is to clarify the strategic reasons for the route of the crusaders between Dorylaeum and Antioch by way of Armenia, which has hitherto been rather unsatisfactorily explained by an allusion to the difficulties, military and physical, in crossing the terrain along the direct route.