Dost Muhammad

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Dost Muhammad

(dōst mo͞ohäm`mäd), 1793–1863, emir of Afghanistan. He and his family struggled to get the emirate for years before he finally succeeded in establishing himself in 1826. He waged continual war with the Sikhs, and trouble with the British, beginning in 1838, led to the first (1839–42) of the Afghan Wars. Defeated, he fled to India, but he later returned, and it was at least with British acquiescence that he regained the throne. Friendly relations were resumed and an agreement was reached in 1855, but Britain firmly refused to support him against the Persians. A strong, capable ruler, he helped to build Afghanistan and sought to play Russian interests against the British.

Dost Muhammad

 

Born 1790 (according to other data, Dec. 23, 1793); died June 9, 1863, in Herat. Afghani emir from 1834. He was the 20th son of Payanda Khan, the leader of the Barakzai tribe. After the decline of the Durrani Empire in 1818 he governed the princedoms of Ghazni and Kabul (beginning in 1826-27). In 1834 he declared himself emir of all Afghanistan, beginning the Barakzai dynasty. Dost Muhammad tried to unite the country politically by enlisting the support of Russia, a step that aroused the opposition of Great Britain. In 1838, Great Britain went to war against Afghanistan. In the first stage of the war, Dost Muhammad actively struggled against the aggressors, but at the end of 1840 he surrendered to the British and was exiled to India. In 1842 the English were forced to free Dost Muhammad after being defeated in Afghanistan. He returned to Afghanistan to rule once again. From 1855 to 1863 he united Qandahar, Eastern Seistan, Herat, and the lands on the left bank of the Amu Darya River with Afghanistan.

REFERENCES

Khalfin, N. A. Proval britanskoi agressii v Afganistane. Moscow, 1959.
Babakhodzhaev, M. A. Bor’ba Afganistana za nezavisimost’. Moscow, 1959.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.

N. A. KHALFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The fourth bench comprised of Justice Ijaz Ahmed Chaudhry, Justice Mushir Alam and Justice Sardar Tariq Masood while the fifth bench comprised of Justice Gulzar Ahmed and Justice Dost Mohammad Khan.
BUNER -- The district bar association in its general body meeting, held here at bar room in chair of president Shams Buneri advocate on Monday, decided end to ongoing mourning over killing of colleague Dost Mohammad Khan advocate and announced all of members will attend courts from Tuesday (today) so as to facilitate the process of proceeding of speedy justice.
Justice Dost Mohammad Khan also stressed the need of exercising
Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, in his remarks, said Britain held local body elections while the Second World War was going on.
The Taliban-designated governor, Maulavi Dost Mohammad Khan, was killed along with two of his guards in the NATO airstrike, said Nuristani.
A bench, headed by PHC Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, ruled that since Musharraf had abrogated the Constitution twice, he could not be allowed to contest elections for either the National Assembly or the Senate, reports The Dawn.
Some children and decedents of of Daru ancestors came to Kabul and request the Emirate to gave them the fields, farms and plantation in the village of Chora which belongs to Hazara people and the great Amir accepted the request and assigned Dost Mohammad Khan Ayshak Aqasi of Prince Sardar Habiballuh Khan who is from the same tribe as the head of these people to implement the decree.
A PHC division bench comprising Justice Dost Mohammad Khan and Justice Imtiaz Ali when took up a habeas corpus petition filed by Azam, brother of a missing person Luqman Khan, a resident of Achini Payan, his lawyer Mohammad Inam Yousafzai informed the court that the missing person had reached home.
ISLAMABAD -- Justice Dost Mohammad Khan has remarked holding meeting by eating cashew nuts, drinking mineral water and taking cardamom flavoured tea will serve no purpose as federation and provinces will have to take practical measures for providing low cost houses to the poor masses.
BUNER -- The senior most lawyers, member district bar association and member Jamaat Islami District Shoora Dost Mohammad Khan Advocate of village Anghapoor was shot dead at Paee Cheena Restaurant on their way to district courts Daggar on Friday.
Justice Dost Mohammad Khan observed that terrorism was a major issue of the country and it was also mentioned in the National Action Plan (NAP) that funding of the terrorist groups would also be closed.
PHC Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, who heard the case, observed that acid was being used as a weapon, adding that women were the main targets.