Dost Muhammad

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Dost Muhammad

(dōst mo͞ohäm`mäd), 1793–1863, emir of Afghanistan. He and his family struggled to get the emirate for years before he finally succeeded in establishing himself in 1826. He waged continual war with the Sikhs, and trouble with the British, beginning in 1838, led to the first (1839–42) of the Afghan Wars. Defeated, he fled to India, but he later returned, and it was at least with British acquiescence that he regained the throne. Friendly relations were resumed and an agreement was reached in 1855, but Britain firmly refused to support him against the Persians. A strong, capable ruler, he helped to build Afghanistan and sought to play Russian interests against the British.

Dost Muhammad

 

Born 1790 (according to other data, Dec. 23, 1793); died June 9, 1863, in Herat. Afghani emir from 1834. He was the 20th son of Payanda Khan, the leader of the Barakzai tribe. After the decline of the Durrani Empire in 1818 he governed the princedoms of Ghazni and Kabul (beginning in 1826-27). In 1834 he declared himself emir of all Afghanistan, beginning the Barakzai dynasty. Dost Muhammad tried to unite the country politically by enlisting the support of Russia, a step that aroused the opposition of Great Britain. In 1838, Great Britain went to war against Afghanistan. In the first stage of the war, Dost Muhammad actively struggled against the aggressors, but at the end of 1840 he surrendered to the British and was exiled to India. In 1842 the English were forced to free Dost Muhammad after being defeated in Afghanistan. He returned to Afghanistan to rule once again. From 1855 to 1863 he united Qandahar, Eastern Seistan, Herat, and the lands on the left bank of the Amu Darya River with Afghanistan.

REFERENCES

Khalfin, N. A. Proval britanskoi agressii v Afganistane. Moscow, 1959.
Babakhodzhaev, M. A. Bor’ba Afganistana za nezavisimost’. Moscow, 1959.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.

N. A. KHALFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The first bench consists of Justice Umer Ata Bandial and Justice Ejaz-ul- Hassan headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar where as the second bench include Justice Dost Mohammad Khan and justice Mazhar Alam headed by Justice Saeed Khan Khosa.
A nine-member larger bench of the apex court headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar and comprising Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan, Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, Justice Umar Ata Bandial, Justice Maqbool Baqar, Justice Faisal Arab, Justice Ijazul Ahsan and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah resumed the hearing of the case filed by Arif Habib Company.
Headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar, the larger bench will consist of Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan, Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, Justice Umar Ata Bandial, Justice Maqbool Baqar, Justice Faisal Arab, Justice Ijaz-ul-Ahsan and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah.
In his appeal, Hashmi has argued that since one member of the bench - Justice Dost Mohammad Khan - abstained, a new bench is required to be constituted to conduct fresh hearings.
Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, who headed the two-member bench comprising Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, said "you were going to make our life miserable on earth [as per your speech]", adding that "whatever you say to us is fine but you mentioned our children as well".
A three member bench of apex court headed by Justice Asif Saeed Khosa and comprised of Justice Dost Mohammad Khan and Justice Mazhar Alam Mian Khel has conducted the hearing of the suo moto notice.
Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, another member of the bench, observed that the country would be a better place when the government officials decline to accept illegal orders of their bosses
Buner -- The district police officer Mohammad Irshad Khan while briefing district bar members on Friday disclosed the killers of Advocate Dost Mohammad Khan of Anghapor village were arrested and they were disclosed that former union council nazim Torwarsak Waliur Rehman Khan was paid them an amount rupees 0.
PHC Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, who heard the case, observed that acid was being used as a weapon, adding that women were the main targets.
The Taliban-designated governor, Maulavi Dost Mohammad Khan, was killed along with two of his guards in the NATO airstrike, said Nuristani.
A bench, headed by PHC Chief Justice Dost Mohammad Khan, ruled that since Musharraf had abrogated the Constitution twice, he could not be allowed to contest elections for either the National Assembly or the Senate, reports The Dawn.
Some children and decedents of of Daru ancestors came to Kabul and request the Emirate to gave them the fields, farms and plantation in the village of Chora which belongs to Hazara people and the great Amir accepted the request and assigned Dost Mohammad Khan Ayshak Aqasi of Prince Sardar Habiballuh Khan who is from the same tribe as the head of these people to implement the decree.