Dost Muhammad


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Dost Muhammad

(dōst mo͞ohäm`mäd), 1793–1863, emir of Afghanistan. He and his family struggled to get the emirate for years before he finally succeeded in establishing himself in 1826. He waged continual war with the Sikhs, and trouble with the British, beginning in 1838, led to the first (1839–42) of the Afghan Wars. Defeated, he fled to India, but he later returned, and it was at least with British acquiescence that he regained the throne. Friendly relations were resumed and an agreement was reached in 1855, but Britain firmly refused to support him against the Persians. A strong, capable ruler, he helped to build Afghanistan and sought to play Russian interests against the British.

Dost Muhammad

 

Born 1790 (according to other data, Dec. 23, 1793); died June 9, 1863, in Herat. Afghani emir from 1834. He was the 20th son of Payanda Khan, the leader of the Barakzai tribe. After the decline of the Durrani Empire in 1818 he governed the princedoms of Ghazni and Kabul (beginning in 1826-27). In 1834 he declared himself emir of all Afghanistan, beginning the Barakzai dynasty. Dost Muhammad tried to unite the country politically by enlisting the support of Russia, a step that aroused the opposition of Great Britain. In 1838, Great Britain went to war against Afghanistan. In the first stage of the war, Dost Muhammad actively struggled against the aggressors, but at the end of 1840 he surrendered to the British and was exiled to India. In 1842 the English were forced to free Dost Muhammad after being defeated in Afghanistan. He returned to Afghanistan to rule once again. From 1855 to 1863 he united Qandahar, Eastern Seistan, Herat, and the lands on the left bank of the Amu Darya River with Afghanistan.

REFERENCES

Khalfin, N. A. Proval britanskoi agressii v Afganistane. Moscow, 1959.
Babakhodzhaev, M. A. Bor’ba Afganistana za nezavisimost’. Moscow, 1959.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.

N. A. KHALFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The levi forces after the wake of killing of JUI leader met with Commissioner of Malakand and during a different raid levi forces under the head of Subidar Major Dost Muhammad apprehended the wanted killer Hayat in a dramatic line where he was presented to media.
Bench No is led by CJP Nasir ul Mulk comprising Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan and Justice Dost Muhammad Khan while bench No 2 comprises Justice Ejaz Afzal and Justice Qazi Faiz Essa.
Syed Muhammad Abbas, Dr Dost Muhammad Khan, Dr Shahzad Iqbal Sham and Dr Muhammad Ayub attended the meeting apart from Shams ul Qayyum.
The arrested persons were identified as Wakeel s/o Dost Muhammad,
Dost Muhammad Nayyab told Pajhwok Afghan News the incident took place on Sunday night in Siasang locality on the outskirts of Surab district at a police security post.
After Shahabuddin had filed a petition in the Peshawar High Court, Chief Justice Dost Muhammad Khan remarked that he did not have the record nor was the case fixed in his court, after which orders were issued to make the supplementary list and proceedings were held again.
9 -- Former Punjab chief minister, Sardar Dost Muhammad Khan Khosa, although has been supportive of his party bosses in the by-elections and flood relief activities, he is reluctant to assume charge of his new assignment - the Ministry of Commerce and Investment.
According to details, Muhammad Iqbal son of Dost Muhammad residing in the jurisdiction of
A 5member larger bench presided over by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Nasir ul Mulk and comprising Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, Justice Amir Hani Muslim, Justice Gulzar Ahmad and Justice Dost Muhammad Khan will hear intra court appeal filed by Mubashar Luqman, anchorperson of a private TV Channel against the decision of 4member bench of SC.
Subdivision, Habib Ullah from Tariq Abad Subdivision, Muhammad Safdar from Civil Line Subdivision, Muhammad Gulzar from Sillan Wali Subdivision, Dost Muhammad from Kala Bagh Subdivision, Niaz Muhammad from Mannanwala Subdivision, Malik Rasheed from Shahpura Sadar Subdivision and Rehmat Ullah from Mianwali Subdivision.
Chief Justice Dost Muhammad Khan took serious notice of Sunday night's vandalism on the Guru Goraknath Temple in Peshawar and directed the Capital City Police Officer (CCPO), Imtiaz Altaf, to enhance security at all places of worship frequented by the minorities.
A resident of the Sena village, Dost Muhammad, said the road had been damaged by rains and motorists faced problems while travelling on it.