Douai


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Douai

(do͞o`ā, do͞oā`), town (1990 pop. 44,195), Nord dept., N France, in French Flanders, on the Scarpe River. It is a major industrial and commercial center in what formerly was the northern coal region. The chief industries are foundry products, automobile parts, glass, chemicals, and printing.

Probably a Roman fortress (Duacum) built in the 4th cent., Douai was a possession of the counts of Flanders during the Middle Ages. Because of its prosperity as a center of the cloth trade, the town received a charter (1228) granting some autonomy. With the Hundred Years War (1337–1453) and the resulting curtailment of English wool imports, the town declined and passed in 1384 to the dukes of Burgundy and in 1477 to the Spanish Hapsburgs. Louis XIV seized Douai in 1667, and after the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14), the town was permanently restored to France by the Peace of Utrecht (1713).

Points of interest include the town hall (15th cent.); the belfry (14th cent.); the Palace of Justice (16th and 18th cent.); and St. Peter's Church (16th and 18th cent.). Under the patronage of Philip II of Spain, a Roman Catholic college was established in Douai for English priests. At the college the Old Testament of the Douay Bible was prepared in 1609.

Douai

an industrial city in N France: the political and religious centre of exiled English Roman Catholics in the 16th and 17th centuries. Pop.: 42 796 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
A statement by the Interior Ministry today said that al-Ghabban also discussed during his visit to Maysan with Douai the need to provide full support for the fighters to end Daash terrorist gangs that are trying to tamper with the security of the Iraqi citizen .
These modest paintings of the green, wet and pleasant lands surrounding Douai, Arras, Scarpe and Dunkirk differ radically from the monumental Romantic landscapes that dominated the Salon.
Renault SA (EURONEXT: RNO), a France-based automaker, is investing EUR420m at its assembly plant at Douai, in northern France.
The grisly find came after the new home owner in the town of Douai, some 150 kilometres north of Paris, discovered some bones in the garden and alerted police, dpa reported.
The state-of-the art bedside entertainment system provided by Telecom Services is available throughout the Douai Hospital.
The Douai plant has produced three million Scenics, of which about 10 per cent have been exported to the UK.
The Douai plant has produced three million Scenics in total, of which about ten per cent have been exported to the UK.
An inquest into the death of James Young, 87, of Douai Drive, Delves Lane, Consett, County Durham, was told by Ken Dixon, the investigating fire officer, that the blaze was caused by a carelessly discarded cigarette.
The two images considered here, one a diptych comprised of two painted panels and the other a triptych consisting of three, have been assigned on stylistic grounds to Jean Bellegambe of Douai (1470-75/1535).
Douai began the fourteenth century, however, not as a Flemish town, but as a French one, and remained under French political and cultural influence throughout the period under discussion.
May 21 /PRNewswire/ -- Delphi Harrison Thermal Systems and Calsonic Corporation will add a second air conditioning compressor facility in Douai, France to manufacture components that will create a more comprehensive compressor product line for European automotive manufacturers, company officials announced today.
This year's fresh crop of festival hosts included the northern city of Douai.