Douglas Mawson

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Sir Douglas Mawson
BirthplaceShipley, West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Nationality Australian
Geologist, chemistry demonstrator, Antarctic explorer, academic
EducationRooty Hill and Fort Street Model School, Sydney, New South Wales
Known for First ascent of Mount Erebus. First team to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Sole survivor of Far Eastern Party

Mawson, Douglas


Born May 5, 1882, in Bradford, Great Britain; died Oct. 14, 1958, in Adelaide, Australia. Australian geologist and antarctic explorer.

After graduating from the University of Sydney in 1904, Mawson taught at the University of Adelaide from 1905, becoming a professor there and head of the subdepartment of geology (1920–54). He participated in three major antarctic expeditions. The first expedition (1907–09) was led by E. Shackleton, and Mawson himself headed the second (1911–14) and third (1929–31) expeditions. In Antarctica, Mawson discovered and mapped more than 200 geographic entities, including Queen Mary Land, Mac-Robertson Land, Princess Elizabeth Land, and Banzare Coast (the acronym for British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition).

Mawson’s principal works deal with the geology and glaciology of eastern Antarctica and southern Australia, including Precambrian stratigraphy, geochemistry, and mineralogy. Mawson was the editor of the scientific works published by the British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–1931. He was a member of the London Royal Society (1923), president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Scientific Progress (1932), and a member of several foreign learned societies. A number of places in Antarctica have been named after Mawson, including a polar station, a peninsula, a coast, and a sea.


In Russian translation:
V strane purgi. Leningrad, 1935.
Rodina snezhnykh bur’. Moscow, 1967.


Suziumov, E. M. Zhizn’, otdannaia Antarktide. Moscow, 1960.
Suziumov, E. M. Duglas Mouson i Antarktika. Leningrad, 1970.
Mawson, Paquita. Mawson of the Antarctic: The Life of Sir Douglas Mawson. London, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Passengers were primarily Australian researchers and tourists, who set off from New Zealand on November 28 with the intention of gathering data on global warming and commemorating the 100 year anniversary of the Antarctic trip made by Australian explorer Sir Douglas Mawson.
The ship left New Zealand in late November to retrace the route of explorer Douglas Mawson, leader of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition a century ago, and to repeat a number of his experiments, with an eye toward assessing climate change.
Not only are we celebrating Captain James Cook's feat, we are honouring a long and intrepid line of historic explorers: Englishmen Sir Ernest Shackleton and Robert Falcon Scott, Norwegian explorers Roald Amundsen and Fridtjof Nansen, and of course the great Australian Sir Douglas Mawson, to name a few.
The trip on the Akademik Shokalskiy was aimed at emulating a 1911-1914 expedition by the Australian explorer, Sir Douglas Mawson and Frenot said "this kind of commemorative expedition has no interest from a scientific point of view".
For Australia, 2014 is significant because it marks the centenary of Sir Douglas Mawson, who led the epic Australasian Antarctic Expedition.
The Akademik Shokalskiy left New Zealand on November 28 on a private expedition to commemorate the 100th anniversary of an Antarctic journey led by Australian explorer Douglas Mawson.
Helpfully, the newspaper points out that researchers aboard the Akademik Shokalskiy have suffered an "embarrassing failure'' in their mission, which apparently was not to follow in the footsteps of explorer Douglas Mawson and build on his scientific observations but to prove beyond doubt that climate change is real.
The vessel is being used by the Australasian Antarctic Expedition to follow the route explorer Douglas Mawson travelled a century ago.
He became one of the first men to reach the magnetic south pole, alongside Douglas Mawson and Professor Edgeworth David.
In Ice, Wind, Rock, Peter Gouldthorpe honours the heroism and achievement of the great Australian Antarctic explorer, Douglas Mawson.
In 1913, Douglas Mawson, leader of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, was the lone survivor of a disaster in the Arctic.
Her Excellency today flew to the Wilkins runway in Australia s Antarctic Territory as part of the ongoing centenary celebrations of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-1914 led by scientist and polar explorer, Dr Douglas Mawson.