Giulio Douhet

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Douhet, Giulio


Born May 30, 1869, in Caserta; died Feb. 15, 1930, in Rome. Italian fascist military theoretician; general.

Douhet was an artillery officer by training. He served in the air force from 1912 to 1915, when he was discharged for criticizing the command. He returned to the army in 1921 and aligned himself with the fascists. Until 1930 he was commander of the Italian Air Force. In 1910, Douhet stressed the leading role that aviation would play in a future war, a contention that was not borne out by the course of World War I. In Domination in the Air (1921; Russian translation, 1935) and The War of 19… (1930; Russian translation, 1936) he developed the theory of “independent air forces,” supposedly capable of determining a war’s outcome. It was his opinion that an air force, having gained domination in the air, could by itself secure victory in a war with strikes against the political and economic centers of the enemy. The army and navy were assigned an auxiliary role. Douhet’s theory was a reflection of the imperialists’ striving for a method of warfare that would require comparatively small forces, not mass armies. World War II proved the complete groundlessness of Douhet’s theory.

References in periodicals archive ?
Early military theorists such as Alfred Thayer Mahan, Giulio Douhet, and B.
Both Mitchell and Giulio Douhet saw the virtue of the air weapon as its ability to bypass this type of combat and take the fight directly to the adversary with no hope of defense.
In addition, Brigadier General Maurice Duval of France, Lieutenant General Ernst von Hoeppner of Germany, and Colonel (later Major General) Giulio Douhet of Italy all achieved distinction as skilled air force commanders, as did American Brigadier General William "Billy" Mitchell, who showed considerable talent in directing the operations of U.
Jackson's description of the evolution of Air Force service culture (tracing back to Douhet and Mitchell) seems somewhat simplified but, given his argument, remains useful and streamlined.
The main advocates of the idea, developed in the 1920s, were the Italian Guilio Douhet, the American William Mitchell, and the Englishman Hugh Trenchard.
While strategic bombing had failed in World War I, General Giulio Douhet in Italy and General Billy Mitchell in the U.
45) This was in line with the thinking of "the famous Italian airpower theorist, General Giulio Douhet," Garrett writes.
Convinced that no defense was possible against bomber attacks, Douhet believed future wars would be settled in the air alone.
According to Sandrine Groslier Douhet, managing director of Clarins Espagne, the two groups "share a corporate culture characterized by team commitment, common ethical values and a sense of solidarity along with strong brands that will significantly contribute to further developing the positions of both companies in this market.
The idea of winning wars by putting pressure on civilian populations by indiscriminately bombing them is associated with Giulio Douhet (1869-1930), an Italian general, who advocated "total war.
The airpower pioneer, Italian General Ghiulio Douhet, once said: "Victory smiles upon those who anticipate the changes in the character of war, not upon those who wait to adapt themselves after they occur.