2009) (detailing significant terrorist movements and groups in Canadian history such as the SOF Doukhobors
, Direct Action, the Liberation Tigers of Tamel Eelam, and the Kadhr family); Kent Roach, Canadian Experiences in Preventing and Combating Terrorism, in UNDERSTANDING TERRORISM IN AFRICA: BUILDING BRIDGES AND OVERCOMING THE GAPS, 117, 118-19 (Wafula Okumu & Anelli Botha eds.
16) In her introduction to the 1972 edition of Strangers within our Gates, Marilyn Barber stated that Arthur Ford wrote the sections on the Scandinavians, Doukhobors
, Ruthenians, Poles, and immigrants from the Balkans.
For minorities such as Jews, Hutterites, Mennonites, Doukhobors
, Hindus, Muslims, and others, ethnicity and religion are closely intertwined; their religion must be safeguarded to protect their ethnicity.
The plaintiffs in the Arishenkoff litigation were children of Sons of Freedom Doukhobors
As Shaw points out, Mennonites, Quakers, Tunkers, Doukhobors
, and eventually Christadelphians and Seventh-Day Adventists were granted exemption from military conscription on the basis of membership in a group, while members of the International Bible Student's Association (Jehovah's Witnesses after 1931) and Plymouth Brethren were not.
(Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1977); Orest Markovich Novitskii, O dukhobortsakh (Kiev: V tip.
government towards the Doukhobors
from the Soviet Union shifted on
The original typescript of "Razumov" satirizes "the lawlessness in servitude" and the "lawlessness of their freedom" of a Russian religious sect who immigrate to a British dominion, again an unambiguous swipe at Tolstoy's defense of the Doukhobors
, some of whom had chosen to immigrate to Canada following persecution from the Russian authorities (Higdon and Sheard 177).
Negotiating buck naked; Doukhobors
, public policy, and conflict resolution.
He traces the historic difficulty Canada has had in accommodating the beliefs and practices of minority religious communities, beginning in the pre-Charter era with the Mennonites, Hutterites, and Doukhobors
, and continuing with the Jehovah's Witnesses.
The Amish, Doukhobors
, Hutterites, et cetera, never assimilated.
The caption identifies the women as members of the Doukhobors
, natives of Russia who fled their homeland and settled in Canada.