In addition, the general preconception is that even if these materials can be technically recycled, the resulting raw material is of such poor quality that it effectively amounts to downcycling
Substituting our current materials by high-quality recycled content is an efficient approach to keeping the plastic in the cycle and preventing downcycling
In the case of wrought alloys, this is effectively downcycling
Though a truly closed loop, circular economy is their ultimate goal, thus far any collected used clothing that is not sent overseas or incinerated for energy production is still undergoing downcycling
into items like carpet padding and stuffing for toys.
In this particular project, downcycling
is avoided, and a higher quality use of a waste stream is generated, with a 2nd life given in the same application," adds de Boer.
When it comes to recyclability, downcycling
can be delayed or avoided with early top-up stabilisation.
This illustrates what is known as downcycling
(in opposition to recycling or upcycling): by adopting such a definition, we would be expressing that our waste can be transformed into resources but without maintaining its initial functionalities/properties on a lasting basis.
Hallett shows us what might point the way beyond efficiency: resilience beyond "sustainability"; strengthening vital systems through ecological and social triage, recycling and downcycling
, and building sustainable food-systems; and building resilient communities that are grounded in democracy and sustainable practices.
The program takes recycling to a new level--beyond downcycling
, upcycling and other approaches.
Some, in fact, contaminate the downcycling
of conventional plastics.
So far, most of the applications were downcycling
In contrast to recycling, downcycling
can be considered the practice of converting a higher-use product into a lower-use product.