John Arbuthnot

(redirected from Dr. Arbuthnot)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Arbuthnot, John

(ärbŭth`nət, är`bəthnŏt), 1667–1735, Scottish author and scientist, court physician (1705–14) to Queen Anne. He is best remembered for his five "John Bull" pamphlets (1712), political satires on the Whig war policy, which introduced the character John Bull, the typical Englishman. With his friends, Swift, Pope, and Gay, Arbuthnot was a member of the Scriblerus ClubScriblerus Club,
English literary group formed about 1713 to satirize "all the false tastes in learning." Among its chief members were Arbuthnot, Gay, Thomas Parnell, Pope, and Swift. Meetings of the club were discontinued after 1714.
..... Click the link for more information.
, organized to ridicule false tastes in learning, and was the principal author of the "Memoirs of … Martinus Scriblerus," first published in the quarto edition of Pope's works (1741). He was also the author of several progressive medical works. Greatly admired in his time, Arbuthnot was called an unusual genius by Samuel Johnson, and Pope addressed to him the famous "Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot."


See edition of his works by G. A. Aitken (1892); study by L. M. Beattie (1935).

John Arbuthnot
BirthplaceKincardineshire, Scotland
physician, satirist, polymath
References in classic literature ?
Addison, a real gentleman, disowned the defense, and this, with other slights suffered or imagined by Pope's jealous disposition, led to estrangement and soon to the composition of Pope's very clever and telling satire on Addison as 'Atticus,' which Pope did not publish, however, until he included it in his 'Epistle to Dr.
Some of the other poems, especially the autobiographical 'Epistle to Dr.
Two of the issues in need of further study were the failure to see in Hume's treatment of opinion the influence of Sir William Temple from the 1680s and the dating of John Bull to raid century, when surely he was the creation of Dr.