Gangs" ends with the murderous draft riot of 1863
, emphasizing another major omission: blacks.
And as Wyn Kelley notes, after 1856 Melville did not represent the city at all, save in 'The House-Top,' a poem set in the midst of the terrible draft riot of 1863
, and in which 'the Atheist roar of riot' and the image of rats leaving the wharves and taking over the city, is a prelude for an approving reference to the violent suppression of disorder.
The same mindset counseled sympathetic understanding for labor's rabid anti-Asian racism in the West in the late Nineteenth Century, and tolerated the New York draft riot of 1863
, anti-feminist and anti-abortion activism, and whites' anti-busing riots.