Dragoons


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Related to Dragoons: hussar

Dragoons

 

a combat arm of the cavalry for action on horseback and on foot. The name “dragoon” is possibly derived from dragoon, or short musket. The first dragoon units were formed in France in the 16th century and were originally mounted infantry that dismounted to encounter the enemy. Beginning in the first half of the 17th century, dragoons were also used as cavalry in combat. In the 18th century through the 20th the majority of European armies had dragoons; classified as heavy or sometimes as medium cavalry, dragoons amounted to up to one-third of the whole cavalry. They were armed with pistols, muskets (later with carbines and rifles), sabers, broadswords, and swords.

The first Russian dragoon regiment was formed in 1631. In 1681, Russia had 25 lance and horse regiments with combat functions close to those of the dragoons. In the early 18th century the whole cavalry was made up of dragoons, with 34 dragoon regiments being formed from 1700 to 1708; and the first garrisoned dragoon regiments for police duty were formed in 1712. The number of dragoon regiments greatly declined in the middle of the 18th century and did not increase until the early 19th century, reaching 18 regiments in 1825. By the late 19th century the differences between various arms of the cavalry became blurred, and in 1882 all army cavalry regiments were renamed dragoon regiments. Hussar and ulan regiments, which did not essentially differ from dragoon regiments, were restored in 1907. In 1917, Russia had one guards and 21 army dragoon regiments. They were abolished in early 1918.

A. A. ZALESSKII

References in classic literature ?
Stop a bit," said the dragoon, placing his saber like a spit upon the two large iron dogs which held the firebrands in the chimney, "stop a bit, I am in it.
de Busigny, the dragoon, the Swiss, and the fourth bettor.
A Mexican dragoon, for instance, is represented as arrayed in a round blue jacket, with red cuffs and collar; blue velvet breeches, unbuttoned at the knees to show his white stockings; bottinas of deer skin; a round-crowned Andalusian hat, and his hair cued.
The knotty point was, however, soon decided; and, on the appointed day, the brotherhood marched in great state, displaying sundry banners and mysterious symbols, each man with a little mimic apron before him, from a most cunningly contrived apartment in the garret of the “Bold Dragoon,” an inn kept by one Captain Hollister, to the site of the intended edifice.
There was I a dragoon, roving, unsettled, not self-made like him, but self-unmade--all my earlier advantages thrown away, all my little learning unlearnt, nothing picked up but what unfitted me for most things that I could think of.
The elder and younger son of the house of Crawley were, like the gentleman and lady in the weather-box, never at home together--they hated each other cordially: indeed, Rawdon Crawley, the dragoon, had a great contempt for the establishment altogether, and seldom came thither except when his aunt paid her annual visit.
On October 11, a squad from the Light Dragoons, based in Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire, will run the event, in aid of the Great North Air Ambulance Service.
Sergeant Charles Ewart, 2nd Royal North British Dragoons (Scots Greys), on his experience capturing the eagle of the 45th Foot at Waterloo.
It was run by Thomas Brown who was a member of the Kings Own Regiment of Dragoons.
Dragoons in Apacheland; conquest and resistance in southern New Mexico, 1846-1861.
PROUDLY marching in time, the soldiers of The Light Dragoons were cheered by the people of Newcastle as they paraded through the city.
The soldier, whose name was not disclosed, from the Light Dragoons was killed when the vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand Province, the MoD said in a statement.