The coal industry has now collapsed, leaving a handful of opencast and drift mines
employing a few thousand workers.
The 18th Century brought coal mining: drift mines
and shallow bell-pits being replaced by deeper shafts meeting industrial and domestic demand, and by 1800 there were more than a dozen pits in the modern-day centre of the town alone.
To work in drift mines
, water had to be constantly pumped out.
The alternative site at Liley Lane has been ruled out due to old mine workings, but the proposed cemetery is over the drift mines
at Upper Park Wood.
An edition from Tuesday, January 29, 1946, told the story of George Derrick, aged 12, and James Quinn, 10, both of Sutton's Dwellings, Benwell, Newcastle, who had gone in search of coal in the old drift mines
DARK, cold, smelly and cramped: that was the over-riding memory of many of those who worked in drift mines
Underground mining of the high-grade portions of surface placers by Chinese laborers in Nevada in the 1800s, and drift mines
in the gut of placers in permafrost, such as in Alaska and the Yukon, are other examples of underground placer operations.
The company has three drift mines
in the North-east.
Thirty years ago there were scores of drift mines
across the UK.
UNIONS are demanding the return of Old King Coal to the region with the opening of two new drift mines
under the North Sea.
Mr Hancock said: "I believe we have the potential for a dozen shallow drift mines
across the Valleys.
He said drift mines
such as Gleision were always wet but he had no reason to suspect a large volume of water lay in the path of the tunnel.