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see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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a genus of insects of the family Drosophilidae. The genus consists of small insects (about 3.5 mm long) with a bulging body and, as a rule, red eyes. Drosophila is distributed all over the world, with 25 species in the USSR. It is found everywhere, especially in vegetable and fruit storehouses. The larvae develop mainly in fermenting, frequently semiliquid, plant residues. Because of the ease with which they can be raised in the laboratory, the rapidity of their development, and the distinctness of segregation of species in the offspring, several species, chiefly the common banana fly (D. melanogaster), became a major object of genetics research after the work of the American scientist T. Morgan. Mutagenesis was studied quantitatively in Drosophila, and the first experimental mutations were induced in it. In nature, Drosophila is important as a carrier of yeast fungi.

References in periodicals archive ?
Drosophila melanogaster has a cosmopolitan distribution, and it is believed that this species originated in the African tropics (Lachaise et al.
Finally, human orthologs of many of the candidate Drosophila genes were identified.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape for Delta-Like Ligand 4 (DLL4 or Drosophila Delta Homolog 4)
Spotted wing drosophila introduces microbes into cherry fruit before harvest.
La "drosophila de las alas manchadas", Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), es una especie de origen asiatico que en los ultimos anos ha expandido drasticamente su distribucion mundial, registrandose su presencia en Norteamerica (Van Timmeren & Isaacs, 2014) y varios paises de Europa (Calabria et al.
Understanding how sleep and memory are connected in a simple system, like Drosophila, can help scientists unravel the secrets of the human brain.
Spatial variation of genetic diversity in Drosophila species from two different South America environments.
Courtship behavior in fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster is complex and consists of a series of well- defined steps, including male orienting, tapping, "singing" (i.
The insect differs from common fruit flies, which only lay eggs in rotten fruit, as Drosophila suzukii has a powerful saw-like ovipositor capable of breaking through the skins of ripe fruit, to lay its eggs.
In the present study we compared the efficacies of minocycline and ascorbic acid in the life span, motor activity and lipid peroxidation in Drosophila melanogaster, in an effort to find a substance capable of providing protection against the aging associated oxidative stress.
But the biologists say many of the same genes that regulate biological processes in the hard exoskeleton, or cuticle, of Drosophila also control processes in human skin.