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see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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a genus of insects of the family Drosophilidae. The genus consists of small insects (about 3.5 mm long) with a bulging body and, as a rule, red eyes. Drosophila is distributed all over the world, with 25 species in the USSR. It is found everywhere, especially in vegetable and fruit storehouses. The larvae develop mainly in fermenting, frequently semiliquid, plant residues. Because of the ease with which they can be raised in the laboratory, the rapidity of their development, and the distinctness of segregation of species in the offspring, several species, chiefly the common banana fly (D. melanogaster), became a major object of genetics research after the work of the American scientist T. Morgan. Mutagenesis was studied quantitatively in Drosophila, and the first experimental mutations were induced in it. In nature, Drosophila is important as a carrier of yeast fungi.

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Historical biogeography of the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup, pp.
It has been demonstrated, corroborating with our study, that a high-fat diet induces several consequences on lifespan, stress tolerance, and others in the Drosophila melanogaster model [3, 17].
Mitochondria from whole body of Drosophila melanogaster were prepared by differential centrifugation.
Gene expression patterns accompanying a dietary shift in Drosophila melanogaster.
The Drosophila melanogaster natural life is about 30 days at 29 degC (84 degF).
42) is found in Drosophila melanogaster (treated) that is seems to be lighter than the egg albumin, while corresponding protein,in the untreated Drosophila melanogaster, was absent at the same Rf.
Variation in genetic architecture of olfactory behaviour among wild-derived populations of Drosophila melanogaster.
Cambridge University turned to Watson-Marlow Bredel's 624Di/L peristaltic pump to provide a suitable solution for dispensing the food used to feed the Drosophila melanogaster fruit-flies, which form an integral part of the research programme at the Department of Genetics.
According to the amount of prey consumed, we established four predation levels: high (> 55%, on adult Drosophila melanogaster flies); intermediate (30% -55% on the defoliator larvae of Rachiplusia nu and adult heteropterans: Horciasinus argentinus and Halticus spegazzinii); and low (10%- 30% on the chrysomelids Colapsis sp.
In the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, an interaction between the proteins NorpA (no response potential A, a phospholipase C necessary for visual transduction) and TIM (TIMELESS, a clock protein) underlies this rhythm in visual sensitivity.
In the developing Drosophila melanogaster Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), Sensory Organ Precursors (SOPs) are specified at stereotyped positions and in precise numbers in the wing disc.

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