Drosophila

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Related to Drosophila melanogaster: Taeniopygia guttata

Drosophila:

see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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Drosophila

 

a genus of insects of the family Drosophilidae. The genus consists of small insects (about 3.5 mm long) with a bulging body and, as a rule, red eyes. Drosophila is distributed all over the world, with 25 species in the USSR. It is found everywhere, especially in vegetable and fruit storehouses. The larvae develop mainly in fermenting, frequently semiliquid, plant residues. Because of the ease with which they can be raised in the laboratory, the rapidity of their development, and the distinctness of segregation of species in the offspring, several species, chiefly the common banana fly (D. melanogaster), became a major object of genetics research after the work of the American scientist T. Morgan. Mutagenesis was studied quantitatively in Drosophila, and the first experimental mutations were induced in it. In nature, Drosophila is important as a carrier of yeast fungi.

References in periodicals archive ?
The copulation rhythms of Drosophila suzukii and Drosophila melanogaster.
Weight at molt (mg, mean [+ or -] SE) and duration of instar (days, mean [+ or -] SE) in male and female Oligolophus tridens from the treatments: Drosophila melanogaster, entomobryids and mixed diet.
Different responses to selection for knockdown resistance to ethanol among Drosophila melanogaster populations and their replicate lines.
Tissue-specific and complex complementation patterns in the Punch locus of Drosophila melanogaster.
Age-specific survival rate (lx), age-specific fecundity (mx), and age-specific maternity (lxmx) of Drosophila suzukii and Drosophila melanogaster.
The casein kinase 1 alpha gene of Drosophila melanogaster is developmentally regulated and the kinase activity of the protein induced by DNA damage.
The Drosophila melanogaster was chosen as a model organista to study the effect of multiple generations because of its short generation time and genetic homolog with human genes involved in development.
McBride also compared the two sets of genes to another close relative, the classic lab fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.
s laboratory is focused towards understanding the function of the muscle protein, projectin, in the model system, Drosophila melanogaster.
The sequencing of multiple species' genomes by the Human Genome Project, including those of the human, the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, has laid the foundation for the field of comparative genomics.
Daniel Howard, an evolutionary biologist at New Mexico State University, said the experiment with the fruit flies, known by their scientific name of Drosophila melanogaster, is ``very nice work.

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