Druckman, Jacob

Druckman, Jacob (Raphael)

(1928–  ) composer; born in Philadelphia. After studies at Juilliard and in Paris, he taught at Juilliard and Yale. He is best known for his colorful, rather tumultuous orchestral music in a modernist idiom.
References in periodicals archive ?
Large bodies of research catalogue the president's potential for using his privileged tools of communications to generate public focus or emphasis on subjects that advantage administration promotions while distracting attention from damaging topics (such as economic downturns and unpopular wars) (Cohen 1995; Druckman, Jacobs, and Ostermeier 2004; Jacobs and Shapiro 1994).
Even when researchers have studied how presidents use their own private surveys, the findings make clear that the policy preferences of most Americans fail to dominate presidential policy (Druckman and Jacobs 2006, forthcoming; Druckman, Jacobs, and Ostermeier 2004).
Overall, it appears that foreign policy events often lead to higher favorability ratings for the president--a finding that is consistent with Druckman, Jacobs, and Ostermeier (2004) and Druckman and Holmes (2004), who note that presidents seem to use foreign policy in particular to project an image of strength, leadership, and toughness.
Nixon's pollsters studied the president's image through two sets of survey items--an open-ended question that asked respondents to mention the "first thing that comes to mind when you think of Richard Nixon" and a battery of questions that asked respondents to rate Nixon (and his rivals) on paired semantic differentials or opposite adjectives (such as "fair" and "unfair" or "bold" and "timid") along a seven-point scale (Jacobs and Jackson 2004; Druckman, Jacobs, and Ostermeier 2004).