drug addiction

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drug addiction


drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
A recent survey conducted by the Anti-Corruption and Anti-Narcotics revealed that two per cent of total 11 per cent drug addicts in the province inhale scorpion as an alternate to other drugs, he added.
ANF itself has established three model rehabilitation centers for drug addicts each in Islamabad, Quetta, and Karachi while others are to follow.
On the other hand, parents of reformed drug addicts should accept them and not keep reminding them of their past, she said.
228 million and under the project public awareness/ prevention, development of intelligence, treatment of drug addicts, rehabilitation of drug addicts and registration of addicts treatment clinics are the action plan of the project.
As of 1 April 2015, 7,324 drug addicts were registered by the drug monitoring offices, and 203 of them were women.
He added that the study showed that 45 to 79 per cent of the drug addicts have not completed secondary education while 10 per cent are college graduates and 13 per cent of addicts hold high-school certificates.
The latest rehabilitation centre including counseling services and residential treatment facilities for the drug addicts was opened in Kandalkadu, Polonnaruwa, said the Assistant Director (Research) of the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board (NDDCB) Ms.
Four personnel posted at Muktsar Sahib, 241 kms from Chandigarh, were on Monday asked to join a 10- day de- addiction camp launched for common drug addicts.
Drug addicts display changes in behaviour like the way they speak, have droopy eyes, strong mood swings, isolate themselves and frequently ask for money.
Brand, who is a reformed drug addict, told a press conference at the 57th Session Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna, there is "no reason to pursue this experiment of prohibition which has lasted a century".
Drug addicts are frequently treated with contempt, seen as morally bankrupt and social leeches.
Russia tops the list of countries with the maximum number of drug addicts per capita in the world.