drug addiction

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drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term solutions need to focus on addressing drug dependency and changing behavior.
Access to drug dependency treatment within the centers was either restricted to a small subset of the center's population, who were also required to adhere to a rigid and punishing forced labor regimen, or nonexistent.
An assessment of the MoPH Psychiatric and Drug Dependency Hospital carried out by IMC in July 2010 found that physical conditions, resources and staff capacity were insufficient to provide an appropriate level of care," the statement said.
Both types of parishes have done fairly well in reaching out to newer immigrants who have often experienced severe social dislocation in America, leading to alcohol and drug dependency as well as prostitution.
A weighty problem, alcoholism, drug dependency and abuse as a child are all deeply valuable attributes if you are in the market to promote a book, a movie or a struggling TV show.
Unlike other children who have been born with a drug dependency because their mothers were junkies, the boy was sold heroin by a pusher.
Whether it's an application process for government funds that takes a hundred hours to complete, requirements that consider credentials in drug dependency counseling to be more important than a counselor's effectiveness, or a preference for metal over plastic wastebaskets, the absurdity and sheer volume of government regulations are impeding the ability of local charities to help those in need," noted the report.
This new edition presents material on drugs and nutrition disorders, as well as current health issues including AIDS, alcoholism, drug dependency and Alzheimer's disease.
the decedent) was admitted to College Hospital in Los Angeles suffering from major depression, drug dependency, and anorexia.
Earlier this year a report issued by the California Office of the Patient Advocate revealed that California health plans are doing a shockingly poor job of providing quality care to individuals in need of alcohol and drug dependency treatment.
Thus, in order to fight crime and to give perspectives to drug-dependent persons, one shall fight drug dependency.
Kieran Devanney, 29, of Fred Lee Grove, Styvechale, admitted failing to attend a drug dependency assessment.

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