drug addiction

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Related to Drug habit: drug addiction, Drug dependence

drug addiction

or

drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
A YOUTH who burgled the Rugby School social club and stole crates of drink to fund his drug habit told a court he considered himself a successful offender.
SOPHIA Young, of aid group Turnaround, says drug habits put most women in jail.
Koonar fled, but when arrested later that day on suspicion of causing damage he admitted he was trying to break in to find money to support his drug habit.
Prosecutor Alex Bozman said: "He said he had a drug habit and stole the items to sell on for money for drugs.
Locking him up, Recorder Gordon said: "No doubt needing to feed your drug habit, you broke in there looking for something to steal and sell for drugs.
AMY Winehouse's father, Mitch, left, says his daughter has replaced her drug habit with a sexy knicker addiction.
Once celebrated in gossip columns as a hard-drinking party girl before her drug habit led to the implosion chart-toppers Catatonia, Cerys lurched into I'm A Celebrity, but has since reinvented herself as a mum and BBC radio host.
CHAMPAGNE was stolen by a man to fund his drug habit.
Merthyr Tydfil Crown Court was told he continued to claim benefits when he started shift work as a barman to fund his drug habit.
Ringleader Darren Dorsett, 31, was captured repeatedly on CCTV carrying out the innocent- looking raids to help finance his drug habit.
Earlier this month the panel met to review its previous order from November 2006, which followed Mr Ryan's admission of his drug habit, and his dismissal from the multiple for 'gross misconduct'.
The shock proposal came as it emerged HALFour 78,000 inmates have a "serious" drug habit, leading to eight out of 10 reoffending within two years.

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