dry cleaning

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dry cleaning,

process of cleaning fabrics without water. Special solvents and soaps are used so as not to harm fabrics and dyes that will not withstand the effects of ordinary soap and water. Dry cleaning began in France about the middle of the 19th cent., at first in small plants, where it was done by hand; with the development of specialized machinery it has become an important industry. The danger of fire—at first a constant menace because of the large amounts of flammable materials in use—was largely overcome by concentrating the work in specially designed plants and by the use of a high-boiling petroleum product still commonly used in the United States. Newer chlorinated hydrocarbon synthetic solvents, such as perchlorethylene, are nonflammable but require precautions against their toxicity and danger to the ozone layerozone layer
or ozonosphere,
region of the stratosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone, located at altitudes of 12–30 mi (19–48 km) above the earth's surface.
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. The process for dry cleaning ordinary fabrics is to place them in revolving washers where they are washed with the cleansing fluid and a special soap, rinsed with pure cleansing fluid, and then spun to remove most of the fluid. They are then dried with warm air in a tumbler. Delicate fabrics are done by hand. The cleansing fluids are reclaimed and used again. Unusual stains are given an expert test to determine the proper solvent; special stain removers include chloroform, ether, and carbon disulphide.

dry cleaning

[′drī klēn·iŋ]
(engineering)
To utilize dry-cleaning fluid to remove stains from textile.
References in periodicals archive ?
Demographics and Cultural Characteristics The first goal of our study was to learn about the demographics and cultural characteristics of the dry cleaning industry.
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New rules came into effect at the beginning of 2004 in Canada regarding the use of tetra-chloro-ethylene (also known as PERC), in the dry cleaning industry.
The turnover in the sixth two-month period of 2002 for the washing and dry cleaning industry amounted to NOK251m while the turnover for the funeral industry amounted to NOK781m.
At that time Tony's aim was to emigrate to America, but unfortunately his plans were thwarted by the recession and he got a job as a sales representative in the dry cleaning industry, travelling throughout Europe and the UK.
of Environmental Protection (DEP), said "The dry cleaning industry is working with us to try to resolve the issues.
ZIPS is rapidly becoming the leader in the dry cleaning industry with its "In by 9, out by 5" same day promise, ensuring happy customers and a high number of garments being dry cleaned on a daily basis.
Respondents may be required to furnish the City with a sworn statement as to their experience and qualifications in the commercial dry cleaning industry.