a subfamily of fossil anthropoid apes. Remains of dryopithecids (lower jaws, teeth, bones of limbs) have been found in the Miocene and Pliocene deposits of Western Europe, Africa, and South Asia (India). Dryopithecids varied in size from the present-day chimpanzee to the gorilla. According to some scholars, they were the ancestors of modern anthropoids and man.
REFERENCESOsnovy paleontologii. Mlekopitaiushchie. Moscow, 1962.
Iakimov, V. P. Adaptivnaia radiatsiia vysshikh obez’ian v tretichnom i nachale chetvertichnogo periodov. Moscow, 1964.