Jean Dubuffet

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Dubuffet, Jean

(zhäN dübüfā`), 1901–85, French painter and sculptor. Rejecting academic art training, Dubuffet divided his time during the 1920s and 30s between art and the wine business. In 1942 he turned solely to his artistic career. He created primitive, childlike, and humorous effects savagely opposed to established taste. For many works he prepared a thick impasto of materials such as asphalt, pebbles, and glass to enrich the surface texture of his paintings. Among his later works are numerous large, white, crudely representational sculptures with heavily outlined colored edges and facets. The Museum of Modern Art, New York City, has Dubuffet's Cow with the Subtile Nose and Beard of Uncertain Returns in its collection. Dubuffet also championed what he called art brut [Fr.,=raw, or crude, art], works of art by the insane and others outside the mainstream of the art world that he believed were authentically creative. He established a large collection of these, and contributed to the later recognition of outsider art.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Selz (1962) and M. Loreau (tr. 1973); V. Rousseau et al., Art Brut in America (museum catalog, 2016).

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Il exprimera ensuite sa fascination pour le patron du buffet des gares qui trone tel un petit dieu, immobilis in mobili, plonge au coeur du mouvement moderne et neanmoins degage du tumulte de la cohue (De tout [1901] 167-73).
De l'achat des alliances a la preparation du buffet, des invitations, de la reservation au restaurant au choix de la tenue vestimentaire, c'est a cette etape que les elements structurels de la journee de celebration des fiancailles se decident.
Dans d'autres, la separation est plus marquee a l'interieur d'un espace commun qu'est le meuble : une famille consacre par exemple deux tiroirs dans le buffet de cuisine pour les medicaments : un tiroir pour l'homme, un pour la femme, et place les medicaments de l'enfant audessus, sur la partie ouverte du buffet.