Le Duan

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Duan, Le:

see Le DuanLe Duan
, 1908–86, Vietnamese Communist party leader. Imprisoned by the French colonial regime, he organized Communist forces in the South after the French withdrawal from Vietnam in 1954 and became first secretary of North Vietnam's Communist party in 1959.
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Le Duan

(lā dwän), 1908–86, Vietnamese Communist party leader. Imprisoned by the French colonial regime, he organized Communist forces in the South after the French withdrawal from Vietnam in 1954 and became first secretary of North Vietnam's Communist party in 1959. After Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
, 1890–1969, Vietnamese nationalist leader, president of North Vietnam (1954–69), and one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th cent. His given name was Nguyen That Thanh. In 1911 he left Vietnam, working aboard a French liner.
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's death (1969), Le Duan emerged as the leader of North Vietnam's ruling collective. In 1976, after Vietnam's reunification, he was renamed party leader and served until his death.

Le Duan

 

Born Apr. 7, 1907, in the province of Quang Tri, central Vietnam. Figure in the Vietnamese and international communist movement.

From an early age Le Duan was involved in the revolutionary movement against the French colonialists and for the liberation of his homeland. He joined the Fellowship of Revolutionary Youth of Vietnam in 1928, and in 1930 he became a member of the Communist Party of Indochina (CPI; it became the Workers’ Party of Vietnam, or WPV, in 1951). He was repeatedly imprisoned for his revolutionary activity (from 1931 to 1936 and from 1940 to 1945). In 1936 he was named secretary of the committee of the CPI in central Vietnam. In 1939 he became a member of the Permanent Committee of the Central Committee of the CPI. After the victory of the August Revolution of 1945, the Central Committee of the CPI sent him to southern Vietnam as its representative. There he greatly expanded the work of organizing the masses for the struggle against foreign aggression. In 1951 he became a member of the Politburo and secretary (until 1960) of the Central Committee of the WPV. During the years of the War of Resistance (1945–54), he helped lead the struggle of the Vietnamese people in defense of the achievements of the August Revolution of 1945; he engaged in active party work in southern and central Vietnam. In 1960 he became first secretary of the Central Committee of the WPV. He has written a number of theoretical works on questions of party activity and the building of socialism in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

WORKS

Izbrannye stat’i i rechi (1965–1970 gg.). Moscow, 1971.