Tuan Ch'i-jui

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Tuan Ch'i-jui

(dwän`chē-jo͞oē), 1865–1936, Chinese general and political leader. He studied military science in Germany and held high positions in the army under the Ch'ing dynasty. After the overthrow of the monarchy, Tuan, a consistent supporter of Yüan Shih-kaiYüan Shih-kai
, 1859–1916, president of China (1912–16). From 1885 to 1894 he was the Chinese resident in Korea, then under Chinese suzerainty. He supported the dowager empress, Tz'u Hsi, against the reform movement (1898) of Emperor Kuang Hsü, and she
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, served as minister of war (1912–14) and as premier several times between 1912 and 1918. His power group was called the Anhui clique. He was provisional president of China (1924–26).