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(do͞obī`), sheikhdom (2010 est. pop. 1,800,000), c.1,500 sq mi (3,890 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates,
federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The federation, commonly known as the UAE, consists of seven sheikhdoms: Abu Dhabi (territorially the largest of the
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, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. Nearly all of the sheikhdom's settled population is concentrated in the city of Dubai (2006 pop. 1,422,000), which is the principal port, commercial center, and largest city of the federation and is located on the sheikhdom's central Persian Gulf coast. The city's deepwater port, the oil industry, international trade and business, and tourism are economically important; it also is a gold- and diamond-trading hub. The sheikhdom is one of the world's largest international air travel hubs and a regional center for international corporate headquarters and computer and media companies. There are elaborate hospitality, shopping, and entertainment facilities. Modern highrises dominate the city of Dubai; the Burj KhalifaBurj Khalifa
[Arab.,=Khalifa Tower], skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, that is the tallest building in the world. The centerpiece of a large urban development, it stands 2,717 ft (828 m) high and has 163 floors.
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, the tallest building in the world, opened there in 2010. There is a large international airport.

Little is known of the early history of Dubai, but it appears to have been a dependency of Abu DhabiAbu Dhabi
, Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c.26,000 sq mi (67,300 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf.
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 until 1833. Along with the other sheikhdoms that now compose the federation, it became a British protectorate in the 19th cent. Dubai became the commercial capital of the sheikhdoms and was an important port of call for British steamers to India. From 1945 to 1948 Dubai was at war with Abu Dhabi. Dredging in 1961 made Dubai the Middle East's most accessible port. Oil was discovered in Dubai in the early 1960s, production began in 1966, and oil revenues played a key role in transforming Dubai into an international hub.

Dubai became part of the United Arab Emirates at its founding in 1971. In the 1970s its deepwater port was modernized and a supertanker dock was constructed. The development of Dubai resulted in a property boom, the residence of many foreign expatriates, and an influx of low-paid Southeast Asian workers, especially in construction. Anger over wage, labor, and living conditions issues led foreign construction workers to riot in 2006. In 2009, amid the global recession, property prices fell sharply in Dubai, construction slowed dramatically, and many expatriates left the country. The recession also led to liquidity problems in the sheikhdom, especially in the government's heavily indebted business arm, and Dubai was forced to seek aid totaling some $25 billion from oil-rich Abu Dhabi.


See Dubai: Architecture and Design (2006); C. M. Davidson, Dubai (2009); J. Krane, City of Gold (2009); S. Ali, Dubai: Gilded Cage (2010).


a sheikhdom in the NE United Arab Emirates, consisting principally of the port of Dubai, on the Persian Gulf: oilfields. Pop.: 1 026 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Alison Burns, head of Precious Metals, Standard Bank Mena, said: "We are delighted to be a key sponsor for the prestigious 8th Dubai City of Gold Conference.
The Dubai City of Gold Conference is an important event as it discusses ways to boost the growth of the global jewellery industry which is valued at around $146 billion, of which the GCC represents 10 per cent with a value of $14.
William Buick will ride African Story in the Al Maktoum Challenge and Songcraft in the Dubai City of Gold," he said.
The five-year-old will next run in a 95-110 race at Nad Al Sheba on February 25 or in the Group 3 Dubai City Of Gold on Saturday, March 5.
He also won the Group 3 Dubai City of Gold Stakes at Nad Al Sheba in March.
Winning the bid in making Dubai Creek a world heritage site will raise the cultural level of Dubai city, and will make it a more appealing bidder for World Expo 2020," he said.
12-furlong Dubai City of Gold Concord at Nad Al Sheba - High-Rise remained competitive at the top level, finishing runner-up to Swain in the 1998 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes and third to Special Week in the 1999 Japan Cup.
The Nol payment system currently covers the Dubai Metro network, Dubai city buses and water buses as well as the parking meters in Dubai.
TURKEY will be represented at the World Cup meeting for the first time, after Grand Ekinoks earned an invitation for the Sheema Classic by chasing home Highest in the Dubai City of Gold last month.
Godolphin's Highest was an impressive winner of the Group 3 Dubai City of Gold over 12 furlongs on turf.
Al Tayer stated that the RTA is following up the improvement works on several main roads in Dubai city as part of a series of vital projects to improve roads as part of the RTA's efforts to keep pace with the increasing traffic in the city.
SULAMANI is set to go straight to the Dubai World Cup meeting after he was not declared for either the Dubai City of Gold or Maktoum Challenge at Nad Al Sheba on Saturday night.

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