Duke

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Duke

 

among ancient Germanic peoples, a duke (Herzog) was the elected military leader of a tribe (Latin dux). In Western Europe during the early medieval period, duke meant a tribal prince; during the period of feudal fragmentation, the title signified a major landholder (in the hierarchy of military vassalage, the duke occupied the second most important place after the king). After feudal fragmentation was overcome, duke was one of the highest titles of nobility.

References in periodicals archive ?
121-3): fama uolatpulsum regnis cessissepaternis/Idomenea ducem, desertaque litora Cretae,/hoste uacare domum sedesque astare relictas.
24) is entitled: "Belisarium summum ducem haudquaquam a Iustiniano afflictum fuisse; et confutata fabula quam Crinitus, Pontanus, Volaterranus [sic] scriptis mandarunt.
Doctrina Jacobi nuper baptizati," 120-21 in Gilbert Dagron and Vincent Deroche, "Juifs et Chretiens"); Leontius of Neapolis, Apology against the Jews (Vincent Deroche, "L'Apologie contre les Juifs de Leontios de Neapolis," Travaux et memoires 12 [1994]: 69, 134-71, 194 [Grk] and 77-78 [Fr]); pseudo-Athanasius, Doctrina ad Antiochum ducem (PG 28:621).