Duke

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Duke

 

among ancient Germanic peoples, a duke (Herzog) was the elected military leader of a tribe (Latin dux). In Western Europe during the early medieval period, duke meant a tribal prince; during the period of feudal fragmentation, the title signified a major landholder (in the hierarchy of military vassalage, the duke occupied the second most important place after the king). After feudal fragmentation was overcome, duke was one of the highest titles of nobility.

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ibi arcano florentes igne zmaragdos cingit et infaustas percussum adamanta figuras Gorgoneosque orbes Siculaque incude relictos fulminis extremi cineres viridumque draconum lucentes a fronte iubas; hie flebile germen Hesperidum et dirum Phrixei velleris aurum; turn varias pestes raptumque interplicat atro Tisiphones de crine ducem, et quae pessima ceston vis probat; haec circum spumis lunaribus unguit callidus atque hilari perfundit cuncta veneno.
Thomae servanda), which presupposed a more material definition of Thomism along the line of the tradition of the 24 theses, the Encyclical Studiorum ducem, and important statements by Pius X, Pius XII and John XIII, the objections against the document were raised from the perspective of a solely methodic approach.
Ad instantem suplicationem nobis factam per gastaldionissam et alias dominas de schola sancte Marie de humilitate hoc humiliter supplicantes et requirentes que presencialiter habent gubernationem loci nostri de Pietate, concedatur eis prout petunt quod illa priorissa que constituetur nunc et de cetero per dictam scholam debeat confirmari per dominum ducem et successores suos si ei videbitur sufficiens.
Romam reuocatus, non imperio modo sed consilio etiam ae prope precibus agens cum magistro equitum, (9) ut plus consilio quam fortunae confidat et se potius ducem quam Sempronium Flaminiumque imitetur: ne nihil actum censeret extracta prope aestate per ludificationem hostis; medicos quoque plus interdum quiete quam mouendo atque agendo proficere; haud paruam rem esse ab totiens uictore hoste uinci desisse .
cum ortae apud Brigantas discordiae retraxere ducem destinationis certum, ne nova moliretur nisi prioribus firmatis.
Livia amiserat filium Drusum, magnum futurum principem, iam magnum ducem.
Poenituit iurasse ducem, bellumque roganti Dat pacem, lusus calliditate uiri.
scis Mariam patremque ducem, qui cuspide Gallos Italiamque fovet, nec te praeclara Serenae fama latet.
Giovio, 1972, 389: "sed qui, teste Gritro, Reipublicac Venetac parum esset opportunus, quac cautum potius et cuncatorem ducem expostulet, quam fervidum bellatorem.