Saxe-Meiningen(redirected from Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen)
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Saxe-Meiningen(săks-mīn`ĭng-ən), Ger. Sachsen-Meiningen, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. The capital was MeiningenMeiningen
, city (1994 pop. 24,589), Thuringia, E central Germany, on the Werra River. Manufactures include textiles, paper, and metal products; there is an industry in railway repair. Meiningen was first mentioned in the 10th cent. and passed to the dukes of Saxony in 1583.
..... Click the link for more information. . A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. , it became a separate duchy in 1681 under Bernard, third son of Ernest the Pious of Saxe-GothaSaxe-Gotha
, Ger. Sachsen-Gotha, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it passed in the 16th cent. to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar.
..... Click the link for more information. . In the dynastic rearrangement that followed the extinction (1825) of the male line of Saxe-Gotha, the duke of Saxe-Meiningen received (1826) Saxe-Saalfeld from the duke of Saxe-Coburg (who obtained Gotha instead) and Saxe-Hildburghausen (whose duke was compensated with Saxe-Altenburg). Saxe-Meiningen sided (1866) with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War. The last duke abdicated in 1918, and in 1920 Saxe-Meiningen was incorporated into Thuringia. For the theatrical company organized by Duke George II of Saxe-Meiningen, see Meiningen PlayersMeiningen Players,
German theatrical company that toured Europe from 1874 to 1890. The group, inspiring theatrical reforms wherever it performed, was a major influence in the movement toward modern theater.
..... Click the link for more information. .