Duecento


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Duecento

 

the period in the history of Italian culture that marked the beginning of pre-Renaissance art. The rapid economic development of the Italian city-states in the 12th and 13th centuries prepared the ground for the gradual decline of the medieval world outlook. Numerous local schools of art arose during this period, including those of Florence, Pisa, and Siena, and individual artists emerged from among the anonymous medieval masters. The Byzantine style was disseminated by Greek masters who fled to Italy after the conquest of Constantinople (1204) by the Crusaders, and icon painting flowered. Within the framework of traditional Byzantine and Gothic iconography, realistic tendencies grew stronger, and there was a revival of interest in the real world and in the classical heritage. These pre-Renaissance traits appeared in the 13th century in different degrees in the works of the sculptors Nicola Pisano and Arnolfo di Cambio and of the painters Cimabue and Pietro Cavallini and, especially, in the art of the poet Dante and the painter Giotto at the beginning of the 14th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
UNO + SETTE + DIECI + SEDICI + SESSANTA + CENTOSEI = DUECENTO.
Il primo incontro e con la barista del Fashion Cafe, ironicamente chiamata Unita Umana di Vendita 1, che rivela di guadagnare mille e duecento euro al mese, ma in nero, e quindi senza diritto a ferie e giorni di malattia.
For him portability was what made a new medium: Sculpture arose when the archaic Greek figure was liberated from architecture; painting became a medium in the Duecento when it detached itself from the wall, gaining a back side; and finally television--through the portability of information it enabled--opened a new era of art.
di Vienna, Le Duc di Parigi, Goetz di Mennheim ed altri si spedisce la musica dalla Societa, e si cambia con quella de' loro fondi pagina per pagina che poi si vende in Napoli a due, e fino a tre grana la pagina: per il che data la proporzione del guadagno che si fa dalla Societa nei fondi propri frutta un tal cambio ad un di presso il duecento per cento
Per ulteriori notizie bibliografiche si rimanda a Poeti del duecento 2: 861-63 (note).
stretching back from Hobbes to the Italian dictatores of the duecento,
This episode, while certainly not unknown in Duecento artistic programs, was much less commonly depicted than the other included narratives, making its position at Pisa somewhat irregular.
Francesca Geens explores the iconography of Saint Galganus's head reliquary in Siena, relating it to Cistercian intervention in the hagiography during the late Duecento.
In upholding his old-fashioned tenets of Romantic lyric decorum, Svetlo forgets that La divina commedia had incorporated hard optical data ('Arrange three mirrors so that two shall be | Equally distant, and the third in sight Between the two'), (13) and that Leporello's catalogue aria in Don Giovanni had come close enough to setting the proverbial 'telephone directory' if only because it comprises a list of countries and numbers: 'In Italia seicento e quaranta, in Almagna duecento e trent' una'.
Epistemologia della "azione umana" e razionalismo economico nel Duecento italiano: Il caso Albertano da Brescia.
La banda di San Giovanni Valdarno: duecento anni di musica.