Dufour Effect

Dufour effect

[¦dü·fȯr i′fekt]
(thermodynamics)
Energy flux due to a mass gradient occurring as a coupled effect of irreversible processes.

Dufour Effect

 

the inverse phenomenon of thermal diffusion. If two chemically different nonreacting gases or liquids, which were initially at the same temperature, are allowed to diffuse into each other, then there arises a difference of temperatures in the system. In gases this difference can reach several degrees (for example, for nitrogen with hydrogen), while in liquids it measures approximately 103°C. The difference in temperatures is retained if a concentration gradient is maintained. The effect was first observed by the Swiss physicist L. Dufour in 1873.

REFERENCE

Groot, C., and P. Mazur. Neravnovesnaia termodinamika. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the Dufour effect is considered insignificant for porous capillary bodies.
Keywords: Free convection, Porous medium, Vertical plate, Dufour effect, Soret effect.
Very recently, Postelnicu [10] studied numerically the influence of a magnetic field on heat and mass transfer by natural convection from vertical surfaces in porous media considering Soret and Dufour effects.