Dulles, Allen Welsh


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Dulles, Allen Welsh

(dŭl`əs), 1893–1969, U.S. public official, b. Watertown, N.Y.; brother of John Foster DullesDulles, John Foster
, 1888–1959, U.S. secretary of state (1953–59), b. Washington, D.C.; brother of Allen Dulles, grandson of John Watson Foster, secretary of state under President Benjamin Harrison, and nephew of Robert Lansing, secretary of state under Woodrow
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. The Dulles brothers, born into America's political establishment, became extremely influential governmental figures, and during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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 they played principal roles in the developing and implementing United States' interventionist foreign policy. Allen entered the diplomatic service in 1916 and became (1922) chief of the State Deptartment's division of Near Eastern affairs. In 1926 he resigned to practice law. During World War II he was a prominent member of the Office of Strategic ServicesOffice of Strategic Services
(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J.
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. Returning (1951) to government service as deputy director of the Central Intelligence AgencyCentral Intelligence Agency
(CIA), independent executive bureau of the U.S. government established by the National Security Act of 1947, replacing the wartime Office of Strategic Services (1942–45), the first U.S. espionage and covert operations agency.
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, Dulles became director in 1953. Under his leadership, the CIA was strengthened and made a more effective element in the U.S. intelligence system. Dulles resigned in 1961 after a series of events (most notably the Bay of Pigs InvasionBay of Pigs Invasion,
1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba.
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 of Cuba) in which the CIA played a controversial role and aroused much criticism. His works include Germany's Underground (1947), The Craft of Intelligence (1963), and Secret Surrender (1966).

Bibliography

See biography by P. Grose (1994); S. Kinzer, The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War (2013).

Dulles, Allen Welsh

 

Born Apr. 7, 1893, in Water-town, N.Y., died Jan. 29, 1969, in Washington, D.C. American statesman.

Dulles was a lawyer by profession. Between 1916 and 1926 he was in the diplomatic service. Later, he became a partner in a large law firm—Sullivan and Cromwell. During 1942–45 he headed the US political intelligence system in Europe, and in 1947 he began work in the US Central Intelligence Agency. Dulles served as director of the CIA between 1953 and 1961. He was one of the organizers of extensive US intelligence work, espionage, and sabotage against the USSR, the other socialist countries, and the national liberation movement. Dulles, as director of the CIA, and his brother J. F. Dulles exerted a strong influence on the shaping of the US government’s anti-Soviet policy during the 1950’s.