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former county, Scotland: see DumfriesshireDumfriesshire
or Dumfries,
former county, SW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Dumfriesshire became (1975) part of the new Dumfries and Galloway region (now a council area).
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(dəmfrēs`), town (1991 pop. 31,307), Dumfries and Galloway, SW Scotland, on the Nith River. The chief manufactures include hosiery, knitwear, rubber goods, and canned milk. Dumfries was sacked by the English in 1448, 1536, and 1570. Robert I is said to have killed John ComynComyn, John,
d. 1306, Scottish nobleman. He was called the Red Comyn, to distinguish him from his father, the Black Comyn. Aiding his uncle, John de Baliol, in the struggle against Edward I, he was for a time held hostage by the English.
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 before the altar of Greyfriars Church at Dumfries in 1306. The poet Robert BurnsBurns, Robert,
1759–96, Scottish poet. Life

The son of a hard-working and intelligent farmer, Burns was the oldest of seven children, all of whom had to help in the work on the farm.
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 lived in Dumfries (1791–96) and is buried in St. Michael's Church. Craigenputtock, home of the writer Thomas CarlyleCarlyle, Thomas,
1795–1881, English author, b. Scotland. Early Life and Works

Carlyle studied (1809–14) at the Univ. of Edinburgh, intending to enter the ministry, but left when his doubts became too strong.
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, is nearby. The multi-institutional Crichton Univ. Campus is there.


a town in S Scotland on the River Nith, administrative centre of Dumfries and Galloway. Pop.: 31 146 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Dumfries, April 2014 Stirling, December 2014 Glenrothes, March 2015 Pitt Street, Glasgow, March 2015 Aberdeen, Dec 2015
Or pop into the Dumfries and Galloway Standard office in Park Lane, Dumfries, DG1 2AX.
Gavin McKinnell, from Dumfries, appeared in private before Sheriff George Jamieson.
I'd hate to see DuPont go in Dumfries but many of us think there could be big changes ahead at the company.
I note that Next are still keen to invest in Dumfries, so can the councillors who voted to stop them not eat humble pie and offer them a fast-track planning decision to develop the Cuckoo Bridge site and let more people get jobs and let the people of Dumfries have another good shop to spend their money in and assist in Dumfries' future.
Chest, Heart and Stroke Association: PS10 In memory of Wullie Hislop and James Cummings, Dumfries.
Local people who care about and for their environment will be at this year's Dumfries and Galloway Environment Fair on Sunday.
NHS Dumfries and Galloway yesterday confirmed their case of the potentially deadly virus.
It's been a busy year for Dumfries and Galloway District Association of Young Farmers' Clubs.
But this month, to celebrate the life and works of Robert Burns, Dumfries and Galloway is lit up even more by some spectacular events, making it more exciting than ever.
A man said to have sent abusive messages to his ex is to face trial at Dumfries Sheriff Court next month.
Flood alerts were issued for Edinburgh and the Lothians, Dumfries and Galloway and other parts of the Borders.