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(dəmfrēs`), town (1991 pop. 31,307), Dumfries and Galloway, SW Scotland, on the Nith River. The chief manufactures include hosiery, knitwear, rubber goods, and canned milk. Dumfries was sacked by the English in 1448, 1536, and 1570. Robert I is said to have killed John ComynComyn, John,
d. 1306, Scottish nobleman. He was called the Red Comyn, to distinguish him from his father, the Black Comyn. Aiding his uncle, John de Baliol, in the struggle against Edward I, he was for a time held hostage by the English.
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 before the altar of Greyfriars Church at Dumfries in 1306. The poet Robert BurnsBurns, Robert,
1759–96, Scottish poet. Life

The son of a hard-working and intelligent farmer, Burns was the oldest of seven children, all of whom had to help in the work on the farm.
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 lived in Dumfries (1791–96) and is buried in St. Michael's Church. Craigenputtock, home of the writer Thomas CarlyleCarlyle, Thomas,
1795–1881, English author, b. Scotland. Early Life and Works

Carlyle studied (1809–14) at the Univ. of Edinburgh, intending to enter the ministry, but left when his doubts became too strong.
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, is nearby. The multi-institutional Crichton Univ. Campus is there.


former county, Scotland: see DumfriesshireDumfriesshire
or Dumfries,
former county, SW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Dumfriesshire became (1975) part of the new Dumfries and Galloway region (now a council area).
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a town in S Scotland on the River Nith, administrative centre of Dumfries and Galloway. Pop.: 31 146 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
But the result dispelled any lingering hopes of promotion for the Dumfries side.
You should get in there and create a permanent link to Dumfries.
And Assistant Divisional Officer Billy McVinnie, of Dumfries and Galloway Fire Brigade, added: "It was a horrible situation.
What, however, makes Dumfries House really exceptional is that it still contains its original furniture.
However, the 38-year-old dad-of-two, from Dumfries, was not dismissed from the force because he appealed against the conviction.
An eight-year survey by University of Strathclyde researchers declared that Dumfries residents enjoy the best quality of life in Britain.
We have already received encouraging inquiries from businesses and organisations interested in relocating to Dumfries House.
Yesterday, her parents William and Margo, of Dumfries, who have two older daughters Margo and Dionne, were too distraught to talk.
John Gallacher, Regional Manager in Scotland for sQuid said, "Allowing parents to top up their child's sQuid account online demonstrates another progressive use of the NEC in Dumfries and Galloway.
A spokesman for Dumfries and Galloway Police said: "The collision occurred at around 11.
South Wales Police are appealing for witnesses after the man was in collision with a red Ford Focus on Dumfries Place near Newport Road at 5am.
We arrived back in Dumfries at 1am and I was again locked up without food till 9am.