Charles François Dumouriez

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Dumouriez, Charles François

 

Born Jan. 25, 1739, in Cambrai, France; died Mar. 14, 1823, in Turville Park, Great Britain. French general and political figure. In military service from 1758.

During the French Revolution, Dumouriez joined the Girondin wing of the Jacobin Club to further his mercenary ambitions. After serving as minister of foreign affairs from March to mid-June 1792, he became war minister. In August he was appointed commander of the army. His army won victories at Valmy and Jemappes in the autumn of 1792, and drove off the first attack of the armies of the Austro-Prussian coalition. In March 1793, having suffered a defeat at Neerwinden, Dumouriez secretly negotiated with the Austrian command and planned a joint campaign against Paris to dissolve the Convention and restore the monarchy. Unable to find support among his troops, Dumouriez fled to the Austrians in April 1793. In 1804 he settled in Great Britain, where he lived on a pension from the English government and avoided politics.

WORKS

La Vie du général Dumouriez, vols. 1-3. Hamburg, 1795.
References in periodicals archive ?
The dispatch of the representatives on mission to the department was itself prompted by the failure of General Moreton's army (left in defence of the northern frontier when General Dumouriez and the bulk of the forces concentrated at the Camp de Maulde departed southwards to support the Army of the Centre) to consolidate its control of the village of Saint-Amand.
The general argument is familiar enough; that the hostility of the European powers to the new republic, combined with the earlier treachery of Louis and his courtiers, and that of the French General Dumouriez, inevitably, if regrettably, led to violence.
Harvey's approach is old-fashioned, concentrating upon and exaggerating the role of men like Lafayette, Dumouriez, and Robespierre.
It was drawn up by Charles-FranE*ois Dumouriez when he was the commander at Cherbourg, reveals a report by The Times.
Essay topics include: women who sat for allegorical portraiture and the Restoration court beauty, changing perceptions of Italian women artists in 18th-century life stories, punitive subplots and clandestine marriage in Eliza Haywood's The history of Jemmy and Jenny Jessamy, Olympia de Gouges's L'Entree de Dumouriez a Bruxelles and Republican fervor, and French revolutionary confrontations onstage and on the rostrum.
Having lost a political struggle with General Dumouriez, he is imprisoned by the Austrians, exchanged two years later for the daughter of Louis XVI, and will occupy his newfound freedom as a writer and an archivist.