Dunhuang


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Dunhuang

or

Tunhwang

(both: do͞on-hwäng), town, extreme NW Gansu prov., China. Crescent Lake, a noted tourist attraction surrounded by high sand dunes, is there. The Caves of the Thousand Buddhas (Mogao Caves) are at nearby Qianfodong. The town and its environs were long a gateway between central Asia and China, and the frescoes in the caves, painted from the 5th cent. to the 13th cent., show Indian, Greco-Roman, and Iranian influences. Closed for centuries, the caves were reopened in 1900. There, Sir Aurel Stein, an English archaeologist, discovered a library of some 15,000 manuscripts, including the Diamond Sutra, reputed to be the first (A.D. 868) printed book. China reclaimed the caves in the 1940s and in 1979 they were opened to the public. By the 2000s, however, the paintings were threatened by human-generated damage, and now only a few of the hundreds of caves are open to tourists.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mandalas in the Making: The Visual Culture of Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang
One such project was the Hungarian explorer Aurel Stein's visit to western China, in particular the cave temples of Dunhuang in Gansu province, which brought important Buddhist paintings and manuscripts into the British Museum collection in 1919 (Fig.
In 1993, as an appendix to a paper on a Tibetan poem in praise of the Buddha Amitabha found in Dunhuang, I presented the text of a very short manuscript, a single folio side, on which--I thought--were recorded ten qualities or 'virtues' of the Buddha Amitabha.
The list of the ten most popular tourist items include papyrus, colorful figurines from Dunhuang, artworks of clay statues of soldiers, and horses from the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang and Russian dolls.
The Best Chinese Paper (written in English) was "Digitizing Dunhuang Cultural Heritage: A User Evaluation of Mogao Cave Panorama Digital Library," by Xiao Hu, Eric M.
Arab News A worker inspects solar panels at a solar farm in Dunhuang, 950km northwest of Lanzhou, Gansu Province, in this file photo taken on September 16, 2013.
This expedition will follow the silk worms rearing and production in the areas around Suzhou near Shanghai, join the origin of the main Silk Road at Xian to Dunhuang and Kashgar.
The architecture of old Beijing is the first model for his work--its courtyards and hutongs (narrow alleys), the Forbidden City and Tiananmen Square, the gardens of Suzhou and the cave temples of Dunhuang.
He referred to his recent visit to China where he had gone to attend the First Silk Road International Cultural Expo in Dunhuang.
The first Silk Road International Cultural Expo opened Tuesday in Dunhuang.
19 (BNA): China is set to hold the first Silk Road International Cultural Expo in the city of Dunhuang in northwestern Gansu Province, on Septeber 20-21.
The Mogao Grottoes of Dunhuang due to the harsh natural environment and traffic inconvenience, so many Dunhuang art lovers to witness the Dunhuang art treasures, 2003, President of the Dunhuang Academy submitted the tourist service center of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes construction proposal "proposal, the main content of this proposal is: request to digital technology and computer technology and other modern means, the Mogao Grottoes of Dunhuang digital results display to tourists.