Dunkirk


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Related to Dunkirk: Maginot Line

Dunkirk,

city (1990 pop. 13,989), Chautauqua co., SW N.Y., on Lake Erie; founded c.1800, inc. as a city 1880. It is a port of entry and trades extensively with other Great Lakes' ports. Dunkirk, located in the grape belt, produces wines and other grape products. The city also manufactures steel, food products, and clothing. In 1946, Dunkirk developed a program to help DunkirkDunkirk
, Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England.
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, France (for which it was named), recover from World War II. Other U.S. cities followed Dunkirk's example and established a program, called the One World Plan, to aid war-damaged European cities.

Dunkirk

(dŭn`kûrk), Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England. It is a steel center; oil refining, shipbuilding, food processing, and the manufacture of electrical equipment are also important. Among Dunkirk's chief exports are construction materials, steel products, cement, fruits and vegetables, sugar, fertilizer, and pre-assembled structures. Probably founded c.7th cent. A.D. and often fortified, Dunkirk played a key role in the struggles in Europe that extended over centuries; it was ruled successively by Flanders, Burgundy, Austria, France, England, and Spain. Ceded briefly in the 1650s to Oliver Cromwell, it was bought back permanently from Charles II by Louis XIV in 1662. The town withstood an Anglo-Dutch bombardment in 1694 and an English siege in 1793. During the 19th cent. improvements were made on the harbor, and Dunkirk grew in commercial importance. During World War II, more than 300,000 Allied troops who were cut off from retreat on land by the German breakthrough to the French Channel ports were evacuated (May 26–June 4, 1940) from Dunkirk. The retreat was carried out by all kinds of available British craft, some manned by civilian volunteers, and was protected by the Royal Air Force. It is considered one of the epic actions of naval history.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Turnball (1978), J. Harris (1988), and H. Sebag-Montefiore (2006).

Dunkirk

340,000 British troops evacuated against long odds (1941). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Escape

Dunkirk

combined military-civilian operation rescued 340,000 British troops (1940). [Br. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Rescue
References in periodicals archive ?
We can all be very proud of the 'Little Ships' of Dunkirk and the commemorative events this week are a fitting reminder.
Coral: 8 Old Fashioned, 16 Charitable Man, Desert Party, Dunkirk, Pioneerof The Nile, 20 Flat Out, Friesan Fire, Midshipman, Patena, Stardom Bound, 25 bar.
That is one of the criticisms of the film by historian Hugh Sebag-Montefiore, the author of Enigma: The Battle for the Code, and who is currently writing a book about the evacuation of Dunkirk in 1940.
In Dunkirk, hundreds of British veterans who were among the 338,226 troops rescued from the beaches in late May and early June 1940, stood in formation.
Mr McKay, who will give a talk at the Victoria Theatre, said: "With Dunkirk and the Second World War, there is an added urgency.
Many of the little coasters involved had already faced up to constant German raiders and with them, heading for Dunkirk, went the Saturday afternoon sailors, the amateur sailors, some of them with crafts of engine power not fit to run round an estuary, some with very little knowledge of navigation and some even without a compass.
Thelma's dad was a Dunkirk veteran so it was with pride and emotion that we attended the service and laid a wreath at the Cenotaph.
If we were to have been the beneficiaries of divine assistance during the war, forestalling the disasters that led to Dunkirk, the fall of Singapore etc.
After Christmas leave, they were sent to France in January 1940, eventually evacuated from Dunkirk in June.
DUNKIRK SPIRIT: War veterans got fell in to put the then Boro chairman Charles Amer in the picture as thanks for his fund-raising efforts for the Teesside Dunkirk Veterans' Association.