Dunkirk


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Related to Dunkirk: Maginot Line

Dunkirk

(dŭn`kûrk), Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England. It is a steel center; oil refining, shipbuilding, food processing, and the manufacture of electrical equipment are also important. Among Dunkirk's chief exports are construction materials, steel products, cement, fruits and vegetables, sugar, fertilizer, and pre-assembled structures. Probably founded c.7th cent. A.D. and often fortified, Dunkirk played a key role in the struggles in Europe that extended over centuries; it was ruled successively by Flanders, Burgundy, Austria, France, England, and Spain. Ceded briefly in the 1650s to Oliver Cromwell, it was bought back permanently from Charles II by Louis XIV in 1662. The town withstood an Anglo-Dutch bombardment in 1694 and an English siege in 1793. During the 19th cent. improvements were made on the harbor, and Dunkirk grew in commercial importance. During World War II, more than 300,000 Allied troops who were cut off from retreat on land by the German breakthrough to the French Channel ports were evacuated (May 26–June 4, 1940) from Dunkirk. The retreat was carried out by all kinds of available British craft, some manned by civilian volunteers, and was protected by the Royal Air Force. It is considered one of the epic actions of naval history.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Turnball (1978), J. Harris (1988), and H. Sebag-Montefiore (2006).


Dunkirk,

city (1990 pop. 13,989), Chautauqua co., SW N.Y., on Lake Erie; founded c.1800, inc. as a city 1880. It is a port of entry and trades extensively with other Great Lakes' ports. Dunkirk, located in the grape belt, produces wines and other grape products. The city also manufactures steel, food products, and clothing. In 1946, Dunkirk developed a program to help DunkirkDunkirk
, Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England.
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, France (for which it was named), recover from World War II. Other U.S. cities followed Dunkirk's example and established a program, called the One World Plan, to aid war-damaged European cities.

Dunkirk

340,000 British troops evacuated against long odds (1941). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Escape

Dunkirk

combined military-civilian operation rescued 340,000 British troops (1940). [Br. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Rescue
References in periodicals archive ?
This, not withstanding, the book is impressive its recognition of the long-lasting effects of war through the representation of Uncle Gil's reaction to Dunkirk are to be welcomed, particularly in view of our current military engagements: events may pass but their effects can last for decades.
On Friday, tears were shed at a ceremony remembering the SS massacre of more than 80 British soldiers at Esquelbecq, just outside Dunkirk.
Fifty of the "little ships" - the armada of assorted vessels that saved 330,000 at Dunkirk - returned for the anniversary of what wartime PM Winston Churchill called "a miracle".
There was also a wider tribute to British troops at the British Memorial in Dunkirk.
Total stopped production at the 137,000 barrel per day Dunkirk refinery in mid-September in response to low demand and poor refinery margins.
Funds will be used for additional emissions control equipment on the Dunkirk Generating Station in Dunkirk, NY.
The British-flagged Scot Isles, a 92-meter freighter was holed in the collision, which took place 40 km (21 nautical miles) northwest of Dunkirk, but no-one was hurt, a French coastguard spokesman said.
Members of the 1940 Dunkirk Veterans Association, which is to be disbanded later this month, were meeting at Le Paradis, in the French countryside 16 miles south of Dunkirk, for the annual commemoration.
The book therefore closes on an elegiac note, with the few surviving ships of the once-proud Armada of Flanders scattered, and the town of Dunkirk itself in enemy hands.
Les Gray, aged 98, who lives in a Moseley care home met the young Royal recently as the movie Dunkirk was unveiled.
My father, Bert, was part of the rearguard anti-tank unit which was unable to get off at Dunkirk and fought on to a further southern French port.
THE sight of Nigel Farage in front of a poster for the movie Dunkirk will have British soldiers who died there turning in their graves.