Dunkirk

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Dunkirk

(dŭn`kûrk), Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England. It is a steel center; oil refining, shipbuilding, food processing, and the manufacture of electrical equipment are also important. Among Dunkirk's chief exports are construction materials, steel products, cement, fruits and vegetables, sugar, fertilizer, and pre-assembled structures. Probably founded c.7th cent. A.D. and often fortified, Dunkirk played a key role in the struggles in Europe that extended over centuries; it was ruled successively by Flanders, Burgundy, Austria, France, England, and Spain. Ceded briefly in the 1650s to Oliver Cromwell, it was bought back permanently from Charles II by Louis XIV in 1662. The town withstood an Anglo-Dutch bombardment in 1694 and an English siege in 1793. During the 19th cent. improvements were made on the harbor, and Dunkirk grew in commercial importance. During World War II, more than 300,000 Allied troops who were cut off from retreat on land by the German breakthrough to the French Channel ports were evacuated (May 26–June 4, 1940) from Dunkirk. The retreat was carried out by all kinds of available British craft, some manned by civilian volunteers, and was protected by the Royal Air Force. It is considered one of the epic actions of naval history.

Bibliography

See studies by P. Turnball (1978), J. Harris (1988), and H. Sebag-Montefiore (2006).


Dunkirk,

city (1990 pop. 13,989), Chautauqua co., SW N.Y., on Lake Erie; founded c.1800, inc. as a city 1880. It is a port of entry and trades extensively with other Great Lakes' ports. Dunkirk, located in the grape belt, produces wines and other grape products. The city also manufactures steel, food products, and clothing. In 1946, Dunkirk developed a program to help DunkirkDunkirk
, Fr. Dunkerque, town (1990 pop. 71,071), Nord dept., N France, on the North Sea. It is a leading French port with daily ferry service to Ramsgate and Dover, England.
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, France (for which it was named), recover from World War II. Other U.S. cities followed Dunkirk's example and established a program, called the One World Plan, to aid war-damaged European cities.

Dunkirk

340,000 British troops evacuated against long odds (1941). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Escape

Dunkirk

combined military-civilian operation rescued 340,000 British troops (1940). [Br. Hist.: Van Doren, 475]
See: Rescue
References in periodicals archive ?
Delambre, captured by a suspicious militia and threatened with, but avoiding, execution, completed his part of the survey, from Rodez to Dunquerque, in 1797.
Pero la cosa podia ser aun peor para los intereses de Medina Sidonia: en 1631 Felipe IV dio comision en Sanlucar para ejecutar un embargo extraordinario contra unos mercantes de Dunquerque al veedor de las galeras, Jeronimo de Espinosa.
El 22 de junio, Hitler designa a Pierre Laval al frente de un gobierno titere con sede en Vichy, y lo autoriza a ejercer su soberania en los territorios surenos, mientras Gran Bretana, desmoralizada ante la derrota de Dunquerque, teme una invasion en cualquier momento y manda a su flota naval que hunda los buques franceses para evitar que la Kriegsmarine los capturara.
Los siete pequenos campos informales que contra viento y marea logran mantenerse entre Calais y Dunquerque son una excepcion.
El ejercito ingles se batia en retirada hacia Dunquerque, casi sin combatir.