Guillaume Dupuytren

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Dupuytren, Guillaume


Born Oct. 6, 1777, in Pierre-Buffière; died Feb. 8, 1835, in Paris. French surgeon. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1825) and Medical Academy (1820).

Dupuytren began studying medicine at the age of 12 in Paris and at 16 became a dissector and began lecturing on anatomy. Beginning in 1815 he was chief surgeon of the Hotel Dieu hospital and simultaneously (from 1812) occupied the chair of clinical surgery in the medical faculty of the University of Paris. Dupuytren developed surgical procedures for various operations: resection of the lower jaw (performed for the first time in medical practice), subcutaneous transection of the sternocleidomastoid muscles, and ligation of large arteries. He described fractures of the tibia and radius and contracture of the palmar aponeurosis (Dupuytren’s contracture, Dupuytren’s fracture). He was one of the first to work out the problem of setting old dislocations. After Dupuytren’s death, the Paris municipality founded a museum, naming it after him.


Leçons orales de clinique chirurgicale faites à l’Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, vols. 1-6. Paris, 1832-34.
Mémoires sur une manière nouvelle de pratiquer l’operation de la pierre. Paris, 1836.


Diday, P. “Guillaume Dupuytren.” Lyon médical, 1879, vol. 30, pp. 253, 303.
“Memoir of Dupuytren.” Lancet, 1834-35, vol. 1, pp. 820-25.
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Brilliant and competitive, Dupuytren apparently was kind and generous in treating the poor - having grown up in poverty himself - but ruthlessly ambitious and cynical among colleagues and students who sometimes described him as "first among surgeons and last among men.
Frank Saint-Marcoux, [1] Annick Rousseau, [1,2] Yann Le Meur, [3] Marc Estenne, [4] Christiane Knoop, [4] Jean Debord, [1] and Pierre Marquet [1] * (Departments of [1] Pharmacology and Toxicology and [3] Nephrology, University Hospital, 87042 Limoges cedex, France; [2] Laboratory of Biophysics, Faculty of Pharmacy, 87025 Limoges cedex, France; [4] Departments of Chest Medicine and Clinical Chemistry, Erasme University Hospital, 1070 Brussels, Belgium; * address correspondence to this author at: Service de Pharmacologie et Toxicologie, CHU Dupuytren, 87042 Limoges cedex, France; fax 33-555-05-61-62, e-mail marquet@ unilim.
He studied in France with surgeon Guillaume Dupuytren and in England with a student of Dr.
Efficacy and Safety of Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) in the Treatment of Proximal Interphalangeal Joints in Dupuytren Contracture: Combined Analysis of Four Phase 3 Clinical Trials (Clinical Paper 80, Clinical Paper Session 18: Dupuytren's Disease, Saturday, October 5, 4:10 - 4:16 p.
Diyabette gorulen el deformiteleri, diyabetik el, Dupuytren kontrakturu, fleksor tenosinovit gibi durumlar romatoid el ile karisabilir (49).
Scientific understanding and clinical management of Dupuytren disease.
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dupuytren, Limoges, France
Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex (Dr Ro); L'Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, Canada (Dr Tetu); and CHRU Dupuytren, Limoges, France (Dr Paraf).
Dislama kriterleri ise karpal tunel sendro-mu, De Quervein tendiniti, tenosinovit, Dupuytren kontrakturu, romatoid artrit, kondrokalsinozis, psoriatik artrit, hemokromatozis gibi hastaliklara bagli olarak gelisen sekonder OA, gecirilmis kiriga bagli OA, el-el bilegi bolgesinde acik yara veya skar, periferik vas-kuler hastalik, elde cerrahi girisim oykusu, periferik noropati oykusu, elde duyu kusuru ya da kognitif bozukluk olarak belirlenmistir.
Address for correspondence: Marie-Cecile Ploy, Laboratoire de Bacteriologie-Virologie-Hygiene CHU Dupuytren, 2, avenue Martin Luther King, 87042 Limoges Cedex; fax: 33-5-55-05-67-22; email: marie-cecile.
On December 5, 1831, Baron Guillaume Dupuytren delivered a lecture on permanent retractions of the flexed fingers which was published under the title "Lecon sur la retraction permanente des doigts.
His illustrious teachers included Guillaume Dupuytren, Xavier Bichat, and Jean Nicolas Corvisart.