Dura-Europos


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Dura-Europos

or

Dura-Europus,

ancient city, Syria: see DuraDura
or Europus
, ancient city of Syria, E of Palmyra on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 B.C.) by a general of Seleucus I, it prospered. In the 2d cent. A.D. the Parthians took Dura, and in A.D.
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Dura-Europos

 

(also Doura-Europos), a city in the middle reaches of the Euphrates (near modern-day Qal’at es Salihiye), founded by King Seleucus I Nicator circa 300 B.C. In the second half of the second century B.C. the city passed to the control of the Parthian Kingdom, and in 165 B.C. it came under Roman rule. In 256 A.D., Dura-Europos was destroyed by the troops of the Sassanids.

The city was of a regular plan during the Seleucid period, from which date an agora, the remains of temples, and a citadel. A palace and the ruins of numerous temples (Baal, Artemis Nanaia, Atargatis, Zeus Curiosus, Zeus Theos, Palmyrene Gods) with frescoes and reliefs have survived from the Parthian period. Remains from the Roman period include fortifications, thermae, a Christian church, a synagogue, and the temple of Mithras, the last three with unique wall paintings. Excavations were conducted from 1922 to 1937 intermittently by F. Cumont and M. I. Rostovtsev. In addition to the remains of architectural monuments, documents in Greek, Latin, Aramaic, and other languages have been found (Dura-Europos was a major trade center and had an ethnically mixed population).

REFERENCES

Shishova, I. A. “Dura-Evropos—krepost’ Parfianskogo tsarstva.” Uch. zap. Leningradskogo universiteta, no. 192. Seriia istoricheskikh nauk, issue 21, 1956.
Rostovtzeff, M. Dura-Europos and Its Art. Oxford, 1938.
The Excavations at Dura-Europos. New Haven, 1929-59.
References in periodicals archive ?
Satellite images show formerly protected archaeological sites such as Apamea and Dura-Europos pock-marked with looters' trenches.
This masterpiece recalls, more than any twentieth-century source, frescoes at sites along the Silk Road, such as those from the first century Bc in Dura-Europos, Syria, or from the fourth century AD in Penjikent, Tajikistan.
The most important among wall paintings in these periods, he noted, were those found in Dura-Europos site in the Middle Euphrates region in the southeast of Syria, 35 km away from the Syrian-Iraqi borders.
Our findings could be very similar to Palmyrene Gate Dura-Europos in eastern Syria," the archaeologist said.
A brief note on the function of the argbed 'commander of a fortress'', which the author relates to the arkapdtes known from Dura-Europos, is most welcome, and has since then been further expanded upon (M.
The excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of inscriptions and letters 1928 to 1937; final report 7: The arms and armour and other military equipment.
The findings suggest that during the Persian siege of the Roman fortress city of Dura-Europos in Syria in 256 CE, the Persians used poison gas against the Romans and were as expert at siege warfare as the Romans, sharing with them common tactics and techniques.
The Roman garrison at Dura, presently known as Dura-Europos, was located in what is currently Syria and sat on a cliff overlooking the Euphrates River.
She examines early Christian art, and writes extensively about third-century murals from Dura-Europos, a village on the Euphrates River in Syria, depicting Mary Magdalene differently than the images we've seen in the West.
The author discusses strategies used to shield images from any connection with idolatry, from the averted faces in the Jewish frescoes at Dura-Europos to the symbolic image of Christ in a clipeus, borne by angels, in the Chapel of San Zeno at Santa Prassede in Rome (817-24).
To take one example: no survey of early Christian architecture would fail to include the "house church" at Dura-Europos in Syria.