Durham


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Durham,

officially

County Durham,

county (1991 pop. 589,941), 1,015 sq mi (2,629 sq km), NE England, on the North Sea between the Tees and Tyne rivers; administratively, Durham is a unitary authority (since 2009). The administrative center is DurhamDurham,
town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832).
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, site of one of England's finest Norman cathedrals. The region is low-lying along the coast, rising inland to the PenninesPennines
or Pennine Chain,
mountain range, sometimes called the "backbone of England," extending c.160 mi (260 km) from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to the Peak District in Derbyshire.
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. A large portion of the land area is devoted to agriculture. Dairy farming is common; cattle and sheep are raised. Oats, wheat, barley, potatoes, and turnips are grown. Industry is concentrated along the Tyne and the Tees. Shipbuilding (also along the Wear River) and coal mining were historically important. Electrical goods, clothing, textiles, paint, organs, and plastics are the chief products of Durham's light industry. The area was occupied by the Romans and subsequently became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
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. From pre-Norman times until 1836, the bishops of Durham intermittently exercised palatine powers over the county. The powers were most important during the Middle Ages.

Durham,

town (1991 pop. 38,105), county seat of Durham, NE England, on the sides of a hill nearly encircled by the Wear River. The town's small factories produce organs and carpets. Noteworthy is the castle (1072), now occupied by part of the Univ. of Durham (founded 1832). In 995 the relics of St. Cuthbert were brought to Durham (then Dunholme), and a church was built as his shrine. The present cathedral, begun on the same site in 1093, is considered the finest example of Norman architecture in the country. It contains the tomb of the Venerable Bede (d. 735).

Durham

(dûr`ăm), city (1990 pop. 136,611), seat of Durham co., N central N.C., in the Piedmont area; inc. 1867. Once a major tobacco and textile center, Durham is a research and education center. Manufacturers include medical, computer, electronic, and telecommunications equipment; plastic, paper, and lumber products; and aircraft components. The area was settled c.1750. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered nearby to Gen. William T. Sherman during the Civil War. After the war the tobacco industry began with James B. DukeDuke, James Buchanan,
1856–1925, American industrialist, processor of tobacco products, b. near Durham, N.C. The Civil War left the Duke family poor, but James and his brother, Benjamin, helped their father in building up a local tobacco-processing business, which soon
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 as the leading manufacturer. Economic growth was spurred with the establishment (1959) of the Research Triangle ParkResearch Triangle Park,
research, business, medical, and educational complex situated in central North Carolina. It has an area of 6,900 acres (2,795 hectares) and is 8 × 2 mi (13 × 3 km) in size. Named for the triangle formed by Duke Univ. in Durham, the Univ.
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, in the triangular area between Durham, Chapel Hill, and Raleigh, which utilizes the concentration of university research talent in those three cities. Durham is the seat of Duke Univ., North Carolina Central Univ., and Durham Technical Community College. Of interest are the Sarah P. Duke Memorial Gardens and the Children's Nature Museum. The American Dance Festival is held in the city each summer.

Durham

 

a city in the southern USA in North Carolina. Population, 177,000 (1966), of which 30 percent is black. It is a center of tobacco processing (production of cigarettes) and of the hosiery industry. It is the home of Duke University.

Durham

1. a county of NE England, on the North Sea: rises to the N Pennines in the west: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the unitary authorities of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees (both part of Cleveland until 1996) and Darlington (created in 1997). Administrative centre: Durham. Pop. (excluding unitary authorities): 494 200 (2003 est.). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 2434 sq. km (940 sq. miles)
2. a city in NE England, administrative centre of Co. Durham, on the River Wear: Norman cathedral; 11th-century castle (founded by William the Conqueror), now occupied by the University of Durham (1832). Pop.: 42 939 (2001)
3. a rare variety of shorthorn cattle
References in periodicals archive ?
The County Durham Cadet Band and Bugles will perform on the green.
He will then tour the Open Treasure exhibition before attending a preview of the Hubert Parry 100th Anniversary Concert, which will be held at Durham Cathedral on March 10 and will close with a rendition of Jerusalem, Sir Hubert's most famous work.
As others have often noted, Justice Durham is a trailblazer for women in the law.
Durham told Dodds during the traffic stop that "he was on his way to a military base in California," Holeman wrote.
Durham was born of West Indian parents and came from Trinidad to live with his grandmother in New York.
Mead said another addition of 3,500 square feet was built last fall at the Durham plant, which will house a new computerized automated rough mill system, to be installed this summer.
During his 22-year tenure as a county commissioner, Bill Bell saw Durham transform itself from a land of textiles and tobacco to pharmaceutical and hightech companies.
As part of its expansion, it is moving to central Durham so that it can provide guided distillery tours and host private and corporate events.
Oliver Barrett (30), Lachlan Marron (20) and James Hindmars (19) added runs on day two as Durham were bowled out for 210-5 to lead by 86 runs.
Stoneman's 26-over alliance with Borthwick was a Durham second-wicket record against Surrey.
When speaking of artistic production, Durham talks to everyone, but a number of essays in this collection are clearly addressed to a white audience, as when Durham announces, "I feel fairly sure that I could address the entire world if only I had a place to stand.
BUSINESSES in Durham are being encouraged to take part in a discounting events that aims to attract people into the city's shops.