a family of Russian circus artists, clowns, and animal trainers.

AnatoliiLeonidovich Durov. Born Nov. 26 (Dec. 8), 1864, in Moscow; died Jan. 8 (21), 1916, in Mariupol’. He made his debut in 1879 in a balagan [an ancient comic folk theatrical spectacle with crude settings] as an acrobat, equilibrist, and juggler. In 1882 he began performing with trained animals in the M. Truzzi circus in Voronezh. The first circus actor to introduce political satire, he usually combined the satirical acts with the trained animal act. A. L. Durov toured Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Spain, and Italy.

Vladimir Leonidovich Durov. Born June 25 (July 7), 1863, in Moscow; died there Aug. 3, 1934. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1927). Brother of A. L. Durov. In his youth, V. L. Durov was captivated by animal training and attended the lectures of I. M. Sechenov on animal physiology. He made his circus debut in 1879 and became known as a clown soloist and animal trainer, using trained animals in his satirical acts. For the first time in Russia he developed a training system based on the study of the natural instincts and reflexes of animals. He became the founder and propagandist of so-called gentle training based on a humane treatment of animals and the use of food to encourage the animals to perform. Later this method was used by all the Durovs and most Soviet trainers. In 1912 he organized a wildlife center (now the V. L. Durov Nook).

Anatolii Anatol’evich Durov. Born Nov. 26 (Dec. 8), 1887, in Voronezh; died Nov. 19, 1928, in Izhevsk. Son of A. L. Durov. A. A. Durov made his debut in 1914. He was exiled for making a jest against the imperialist war. He resumed his work in the circus in 1917, working with a large group of trained animals and birds.

Vladimir Grigor’evich Durov. Born Apr. 3 (16), 1909, in Voronezh; died Mar. 14, 1972, in Moscow. People’s Artist of the USSR (1967). Grandson of A. L. Durov. V. G. Durov studied in theater workshops with V. E. Meierkhol’d. After A. A. Durov’s death, he worked with his group of animals. Continuing the traditions of A. A. Durov and V. L. Durov, he combined satirical clown acts with trained animal and bird acts, striving for spectacular appeal and the emotional satisfaction of his audiences. He toured Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, and France. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

Iurü Vladimirovich Durov. Born Dec. 30, 1909 (Jan. 1, 1910), in St. Petersburg; died Feb. 22, 1971, in Brussels. People’s Artist of the USSR (1971). Member of the CPSU from 1947. Grandson of V. L. Durov. Once his grandfather’s assistant, he later continued to work independently. A clown-satirist and animal trainer, lu. V. Durov performed with a large, diverse and well-trained group of animals. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and various medals.

Tereza Vasil’evna Durova. Born Sept. 5, 1926, in Voronezh. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1969). Granddaughter of A. L. Durov. She has been performing with a mixed group of animals since 1947.


Durov, A. L. V zhizni i na arene, parts 1-3. Voronezh, 1914.
Durov, V. L. Moi zveri. Moscow, 1927.
Durov, V. Moi artisty. Kiev, 1953.


Dmitriev, Iu. A. Brat’ia Durovy. Moscow, 1945.
Kuznetsov, E. M. Arena i liudi sovetskogo tsirka, Leningrad-Moscow, 1947.
Ostrovskii, Ia. Vladimir Durov i ego artisty, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Telegram's Chief Executive Pavel Durov said last month that Iranian authorities had demanded he hand over "spying and censorship tools", and temporarily blocked the app when he refused.
Speaking about the recent remarks made by Pavel Durov, the head of Telegram, the official said Telegram has apologized for its allegations against Iran.
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They are people like Pavel Durov, who founded the leading Russian social networking service, Vkontakte, which Putin's cronies seized, and who is now in exile in the West; Leonard Blavatnik, the wealthy businessman and philanthropist living in New York; Aleksei A Navalny, the political activist who has been prosecuted for his battle against corruption and who remains in Russia, precariously; and Khodorkovsky, now in exile in Switzerland.
When VKontakte's founder, Pavel Durov, refused to cooperate with the government last year, he was forced to resign from the company, sell his stake, and leave the country.
The founder of a rival messaging app, Telegram, Pavel Durov, said that WhatsApp is working on a web version of its app because the company has been trying to poach its own web app developer.
Pavel Durov, who was fired from his position as CEO of Vkontakte.
com, Russia's leading social media site, claims VK's former chief executive officer and founder, Pavel Durov, is attempting to present himself as a political dissident in order to divert attention from his serious legal challenges.
The slow-motion ouster of Pavel Durov from the network known as VKontakte, or ''In Contact,'' is the latest sign that independent media outlets in Russia have become increasingly imperiled.
In a statement, Pavel Durov, who ran Vkontakte, said he found out about the loss of his job from press reports that he was fired as general director of the network.
The diagram DUROV which determines the chemical facies of waters was realised by means of the software "ROCKWORKS15", while the saturation index (IS) of minerals dissolved in water was calculated by by the software "DIAGRAM".
The Berlin-headquartered Telegram is built by the Durov brothers, who are the brains behind Russia's largest social networking site VKontakte.