Nadezhda Durova

(redirected from Durova)

Durova, Nadezhda Andreevna

 

Born 1783 in Kiev; died Mar. 21 (Apr. 2), 1866, in Elabuga. First Russian woman officer (“cavalry girl”); writer.

The daughter of a hussar captain, Durova was raised by a hussar orderly. In 1806, donning men’s clothing and pretending to be a landlord’s son, Aleksandr Vasil’evich Durov, she fled with a cossack regiment that was passing through Sarapul to Grodno, where she was accepted into the Mounted Uhlan Polish Regiment. She took part in the 1807 war with France and was promoted for her valor by Alexander I to the rank of officer under the name of Aleksandr Andreevich Aleksandrov. She served in the Mariupol’ Hussar Regiment and from 1811, in the Lithuanian Uhlan Regiment. Durova took part in the Patriotic War of 1812 (she was shell-shocked in the battle of Borodino) and in the campaigns of 1813-14. She was an orderly of M. I. Kutuzov. She was honorably discharged in 1816, with the rank of staff captain.

Durova wrote her memoirs (Notes of N. A. Durova), which were excerpted in the journal Sovremennik in 1836 with a foreword by Pushkin. She was the author of the novel Gudishki (1839) and of Novellas and Short Stories (1839). Among the works devoted to Durova are D. L. Mordovtsev’s novel The Year Twelve (1885); Ia. S. Rykachev’s novella Nadezhda Durova (1842); A. K. Gladkov’s play A Long Time Ago (1942), which was made into a film entitled Hussar’s Ballad (1962); and A. V. Bogatyrev’s opera Nadezhda Durova (1957).

WORKS

Zapiski kavalerist-devitsy. Kazan, 1960.
“Vse, chto ia mog pripomnit’ . . . .” Nedelia, 1962, no. 26. (Autobiography of N. A. Durova.)

REFERENCES

Pushkin, A. S. “Predislovie k Zapiskam N. A. Durovoi.” Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 7. Moscow, 1958.
Belinskii, V. G. “Zapiski Akeksandrova (Durovoi).” Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1953. Pages 148-57.
Saks, A. Kavalerist-devitsa shtab rotmistr Aleksandr Andreevich Aleksandrov (N: A. Durova). St. Petersburg, 1912.
Istoriia russkoi literatury XIX v. Bibliograficheskii ukazatel’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.

L. S. PUSTIL’NIK

References in periodicals archive ?
Hersey: Durova 522, Schmidt 532, Lippstreuer 528, Ferris 120, Stefold 523, Ritter 410
Si bien unas pocas mujeres salieron ilesas de la sofisticada trama que idearon, ya sea porque el secreto de su impostura solo saldria a la luz tras su muerte, ya sea porque la delacion no tuvo graves consecuencias para su integridad personal (asi le sucedio, por ejemplo, a la soldado del ejercito del zar Nadezhda Durova, al ciudadano norteamericano conocido como Murray Hall o al jazzista Billy Tipton, cuyo verdadero nombre era Dorothy Lucille Tipton), otras, con menos suerte, pagaron caro el haber sacrificado en el altar del universo androcentrico la sujecion a normas hermanadas a la potestad varonil, baluarte de estereotipos sociales y sexuales fosilizados a lo largo de los siglos.
Athree-hour drive from Kazan lies the rapidly growing town of Yelabuga, home to cavalrywoman Nadezda Durova who, during the Napoleonic Wars, disguised her gender and fought for 10 years, earning the Order of St George medal for bravery.
By calling attention to Louise de Keralio (1758-1822), France's first publicly acknowledged female historienne (302); Anna Cooper (1858-1964), an African American feminist who challenged the racism within the white women's movement; Nadezhda Durova (1783-1866), "one of the first Russian women to find her way into print" (337); and to works like Joanna Bourke's An Intimate History of Killing (1999) which integrates military and social history to concentrate on the "wider implications of warfare for the combatants" (576); and Sarah B.
According to the notes in the Izmailov edition of Pushkin's letters, Pushkin corresponded with Durova in 1835-36 and published excerpts from her memoirs in The Contemporary for 1836.
It presents the life of Nadezhda Durova, the transvestite Russian cavalry officer who served in Poland and reported on life there in her memoirs.
25) while Durova is due a change of fortune in the European Breeders Fund Median Auction Maiden Fillies' Stakes at Musselburgh (7.
The favourite Malaaq was disputing the lead about a furlong out but Hanagan brought his mount with a sustained run to get up close home and score by a neck from Durova.
24) Since the 1980s, for example, the memoirs of Nadezhda Durova, Denis Davidov, and Aleksei Ermolov have appeared in English: Nadezhda Durova, The Cavalry Maiden: Journals of a Female Russian Officer in the Napoleonic Wars, ed.
In that article, I also compare Plater with her Russian contemporary, Nadezhda Durova (known as the Cavalry Maiden).
All the great names are there, but so, too, are some minor authors who, in any other literature but Russian, would probably be regarded as major: the tragic poet Evgenii Baratynskii, the extraordinary Nadezhda Durova, who served as a man in the Russian army during the Napoleonic wars, and the polymath prince, Vladimir Odoevskii.