Dvaravati


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Dvaravati

 

an ancient Mon state in Southeast Asia that lasted until the tenth century. It probably arose in the second century A.D. The earliest Dvaravati inscriptions (in Mon and in Sanscrit) date from the fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries. Originally the Dvaravati Kingdom occupied the region near the mouth of the Mekong River and was a vassal of the Funan empire. Dvaravati is first mentioned as an independent state in Chinese chronicles of the seventh century. About this time, the territory of Dvaravati embraced the southern part of the territory of present-day Thailand and Burma. Dvaravati maintained diplomatic and cultural relations with India and China. In the eighth and ninth centuries Lopburi (Luvo) became the capital of Dvaravati and the entire state took on its name; in the tenth century Luvo-Dvaravati was conquered by the Khmers. The art and architecture of Dvaravati were initially under the strong influence of Indian Buddhist art, but later they evolved many clearly original features.

REFERENCE

Brigg. L. P. “Dvaravati, the Most Ancient Kingdom of Siam.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1945, vol. 65, no. 2.

E. O. BERZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The volume's title refers to the ancient kingdoms of Pyu, Funan, Zhenia, Champa, Dvaravati, Kedah and Srivijaya, which once occupied large parts of present-day Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
The 'Development of states' (Chapter 7) comprises the early histories of Funan, Chenla, Dvaravati and Champa during the first millennium AD; the story is completed by Chapter 8 with an excellent overview of Angkor Wat until 1431.
The Angkorian empire only credited the Middle Kingdom with real political power in the north and used to disregard the Mon kingdom of Dvaravati in the west, the Lawa kingdom of Lopburi in the northwest, and the Cham kingdom of Indrapura in the northeast.
There is also sufficient evidence to suggest that both iron and new fibres such as cotton were introduced into this strategic area of Southeast Asia long before the Dvaravati period (sixth--thirteenth centuries AD).
The Archaeology of the Mons of Dvaravati, by Pierre Dupont.
The relationships can also at times become overwhelming in number: one Buddha figure is compared to objects from Burma (Pagan), Pala-period India, Dvaravati, T'angperiod China, Champa, and the local Sichon area (p.
It may also be suggested that this concept was developed further in succeeding periods where walled settlements of much larger size developed, often around Iron Age moated sites, during the Dvaravati period.
The image was very influential in the spread of Buddhism outside India, and many of its deeply spiritual features can be recognized in the depiction of the Buddha in the pre-Khmer sculpture of Cambodia, the Dvaravati style of Thailand, and the Srivijaya style of Sumatra and the Thai peninsula.
The Dvaravati Wheels of the Law and the Indianization of South East Asia.
Such a migration of the Yadavas is known from the northern Sanskrit sources too: Krsna Vasudeva moved from Mathura to Gujarat, where he founded the coastal city of Dvaraka or Dvaravati.
2] On the basis of these two figures alone, however, the events which took place in the cowherd settlement (vraja, ghosa) of Mathura and in the fabled city of Dvaravati remain inexplicable.