Shortly after leaving camp, I spotted three bulls a mile upriver in the dwarf birch
just off the riverbank.
The presence of dwarf birch
seems natural because it occurs also in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Plant communities consist of wet sedge/ graminoid (including tussocks) and low shrub thickets of willow and dwarf birch
in valley bottoms, spruce forest or woodland on mountain slopes, tall shrub (primarily alder) thickets in ravines, and low to tall shrub thickets in riparian areas.
Plants boosted by the restoration work include one of England's rarest trees - the bonsai-like dwarf birch
, usually found in much colder climates.
To cut a long story short, I found my own grumpy ptarmigans feeding on dwarf birch
and juniper on a vertiginous scree slope, and plenty of snow buntings to boot, but I also managed to get lost in the dense fog and wild blizzard that blew up from nowhere.
Inland are the high reindeer tundras of dwarf birch
which form a large Sami heartland cross-cut by the national boundaries of Sweden, Finland, and Russia.
arvense); leaves from dwarf birch
(Betula nana); leaves from different species of willows (Salix spp.
SILVER BIRCH includes three species which are true natives - the common silver birch (Betula pendula), the Hairy Birch (Betula pubescens), almost identical to the silver birch, and the dwarf birch
At 40 yards the big bull's dark, velvet rack materialized out of the thick wall of fog, rocking slowly back and forth as he dozed among the waist-high dwarf birch
One of England's rarest trees, the tiny dwarf birch
, which is normally only found in much colder climates, is still found at Spadeadam.
On the willow range, milk production was higher and calves grew better compared to the dwarf birch
The dwarf birch
is a charming procumbent plant found growing untamed in this country too.