Dyak


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Dyak

or

Dayak

(both: dī`ăk), name applied to one of the groups of indigenous peoples of the island of BorneoBorneo
, island (1990 pop. 9,102,906), c.287,000 sq mi (743,330 sq km), largest of the Malay Archipelago and third largest island in the world, SW of the Philippines and N of Java.
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, numbering about 2 million. The Dyaks have maintained their customs and mode of life largely uninfluenced by modern civilization. The group is generally divided into the Sea Dyaks, or Iban, who inhabit the coastal areas and rivers; the Land Dyaks of SW Borneo; the Bahau of central and E Borneo; and the Ngadju of S Borneo. In Dyak communities, a few enormous longhouses provide dwelling places for a whole village. Each longhouse has a chief. In clearings made in the jungle, rice, yams, sugarcane, and other crops are grown cooperatively by the people of the entire community. Fishing and hunting (with blowguns and poison darts) supplement the food supply. Dyaks have highly complex animistic and shamanistic religious cults. Intertribal warfare has persisted, with headhunting as an important feature. In the second half of the 20th cent, Indonesia encouraged immigration to Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) from other areas of Indonesia, especially Madura. Tensions between the immigrants and the indigenous Dyaks have led to recurrent violence by Dyak tribesmen.

Bibliography

See B. Sandin, The Sea Dayaks of Borneo before White Rajah Rule (1968); D. Freeman, Report on the Iban (2d ed. 1970); R. Pringle, Rajahs and Rebels (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
This is a powerful opportunity to expose audiences to science, engineering and technology as vital fields of study, exciting career pursuits toward jobs that make the world a better place," said Dyak.
The bomber, named as Ra'fat Abu Dyak, 24, a Jihad member from the West Bank town of Jenin, got on with three other Arabs.
The Dyak shaman, who escorts the souls of the deceased to the other world, also takes the form of a bird.
Brian Dyak, president and chief executive officer of EIC, said more research into audience reaction to suicide stories needs to be done before EIC experts can make recommendations to Hollywood on it.
IAN DYAK from Banchory won the 59-mile Deeside triathlon from Braemar to Aberdeen in 4hr 39min 4sec.
The responses of Dyak and bearded pig to mast-fruiting in Kalimantan: an analysis of nature-culture analogies.
Availability and Extraction of Forest Products in Primary and Managed Forests Around a Dyak Village in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
The first of these, Howell and Bailey's A Sea Dyak Dictionary, was originally published in 1900.
When Wallace lived for a time with the Dyak headhunters of Borneo, he liked them.
It was clear from the beginning that the missionaries saw themselves as allies of the rajah, their task being to introduce "a good leaven of Christianity and the arts of civilization" so that what they called "the dark heathenism of the Dyak," the indigenous people of Borneo, might be "enlightened.
Gruesome ethnic cleansing in Borneo as blowpipe-wielding Dyak head hunters kill hundreds of immigrants.