Dynatoi

Dynatoi

 

(from the Greek dynatós, “powerful”), a term used in Byzantium (for the most part, in legislative works of the tenth century) to designate the dominant upper class of Byzantine society.

Scholarly disputes have taken place over the real meaning of the term dynatoi. Usually the large-scale landlords, the feudal magnates, have been viewed as constituting the dynatoi; according to another hypothesis (set forth by the French Byzantinist P. Lemerle), the principle that determined membership in the dynatoi was not ownership of a set amount of property (lands) but rather the possession of secular or spiritual authority.

REFERENCES

Vasil’evskii, V. G. “Materialy k vnutrennei istorii Vizantiiskogo gosudarstva.” In Trudy, vol. 4. Leningrad, 1930. Pages 250-331.
Lemerle, P. “Esquisse pour une histoire agraire de Byzance.” Revue historique, 1958, nos. 219-20.
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34) On dynatoi and penetes, see Rosemary Morris, `The Powerful and the Poor in Tenth-Century Byzantium: Law and Reality', Past and Present, no.
Si el sistema macedonico garantizaba produccion, defensa e impuestos, el nuevo implicaba desincentiva al pequeno productor, cuyo servicio militar quedo ligado al senor, asi como el pago de los impuestos, cuestion que se agrava al considerar la excoussia, esto es, la excencion del pago de los tributos que a veces se concedia a los dynatoi.