Dysarthria


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dysarthria

[di′sär·thrē·ə]
(medicine)
Impairment of articulation caused by any disorder or lesion affecting the tongue or speech muscles.

Dysarthria

 

a disorder of articulate speech, expressed in difficult or distorted pronunciation of certain words, syllables, and sounds (mainly consonants). It arises as a result of diseases of various parts of the brain or disruption of innervation of the vocal cords, the muscles of the soft palate, or the facial or respiratory muscles; it also occurs because of harelip, cleft palate, or the absence of teeth. As a secondary consequence of dysarthria, one often observes a disturbance in writing, caused by the difficulty in distinct enunciation of the sound composition of a word. Dysarthria may be expressed in varying degrees. In serious cases speech becomes incomprehensible, which limits communication with others and leads to secondary deviations in general development. The removal of speech defects characteristic of dysarthria is achieved by means of logopedic therapy or by treatment of the basic disease causing it.

References in periodicals archive ?
During the course of the disease, findings such as characteristic phenotype chorea, orofacial dyskinesia, involuntary vocalizations, dysarthria, and dystonia are accompanying symptoms in many patients.
sup][1],[2],[3] Initial signs appeared from 6 months to 39 years old, presenting with the LLs spasticity (21/21), seizures (10/21), horizontal-rotatory nystagmus (2/14), dysarthria (20/21), dysphagia (7/14), intellectual disability (20/21), and arthrogryposis (14/16).
Four years and 3 months later, the patient developed hoarseness, followed 1 to 2 weeks later by the onset of dysarthria and dysphagia.
Dysarthria and teaching speaking skills in english as a foreign language.
Initially, he required tube feeding but later could ingest food orally because of physical therapy and dysarthria therapy offered by a speech therapist, as well as of swallowing and breathing training.
A 49-year-old Chinese female was admitted to the hospital with gait disturbance, dysarthria, and involuntary movement of limbs for 10 days, with a history of edema in both lower extremities for 10 years, hypertension for almost 8 years, and diabetes mellitus for 2 years.
She had dysarthria with somewhat nasal speech and often had to clear her throat while speaking.
Following these symptoms, ataxic gait, dysarthria, dysphagia, and diplopia can develop.
Neurologic symptoms include confusion, impaired cognition, dysarthria, dysphagia, gait instability, weakness or paralysis, and generalized seizures.
He was noted to be confused, with dysarthria and a left hemiparesis with 4/5 strength in the lower extremities.
Dysarthria severe speaking difficulty is a common symptom of several disorders like Parkinson's and Huntingdon's disease, which is capable of rendering communication nearly impossible.
They address developmental language disorders, fluency disorders, neurogenics, and acquired communication disorders in deaf and hard of hearing individuals, including deaf children with autism spectrum disorders; stuttering, sign dysarthria, and dementia in signing populations; and hearing children who are raised in signing households.