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Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Surgical treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with laparoscopic uterine nerve ablation.
In dysmenorrhea, the uterus contracts with increased frequency, causing unusually severe, cramping pain.
SWT appears to be an effective treatment to reduce dysmenorrhea regardless of whether it is taken before or after menstruation.
In these instances, they should consult a doctor to relieve their pain and other relevant symptoms of dysmenorrhea (3,5).
The women's average age was 26 years, and they had no past history of dysmenorrhea.
The trial excluded women with previous dysmenorrhea, fibroid tumors, ovarian cysts, or endometriosis, all of which can contribute to the severe pelvic pain identified by the authors.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Primary Dysmenorrhea - Pipeline Review, H2 2012', provides an overview of the indication's therapeutic pipeline.
Factors causing dysmenorrhea include : mental factors, endocrinei factors,sevrical factors, abnormal increase in uterus activity ,inordinate production and secretion of prostoglaidin [6].
Comment: Primary dysmenorrhea is triggered by excessive production of prostaglandins in the uterus.
Premier Research is recruiting women of childbearing age who suffer from dysmenorrhea and normally take medicine to treat their menstrual cramps, to take part in a research study.
WASHINGTON -- Younger age, higher parity, pretreatment dysmenorrhea, and tubal ligation all appear to independently predict treatment failure following global endometrial ablation, reported Dr.