telecommuting

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Related to E-work: Remote working

telecommuting,

an arrangement by which people work at home using a computer and telephone, accessing work-related materials at a business office, or transmitting materials to an office, by means of a Internet connection; it is also known as telework. Telecommuting hours can range from the occasional morning or afternoon to nearly full-time work. Although the term "telecommuting" was coined in the early 1970s, the practice only became popular in the 1990s as personal computerspersonal computer
(PC), small but powerful computer primarily used in an office or home without the need to be connected to a larger computer. PCs evolved after the development of the microprocessor made possible the hobby-computer movement of the late 1970s, when some computers
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 became more affordable and the InternetInternet, the,
international computer network linking together thousands of individual networks at military and government agencies, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, industrial and financial corporations of all sizes, and commercial enterprises (called gateways
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 became more accessible. Initially conducted using a modemmodem
[modulator/demodulator], an external device or internal electronic circuitry used to transmit and receive digital data over a communications line normally used for analog signals.
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 and telephone lines, telecommuting was made more feasible by cable and fiber-optic Internet connections. The development of lightweight portable computers and, later, smart phones also increased the ease of telecommuting. Government agencies and environmental groups have encouraged telecommuting because it reduces pollution, saves gasoline, and creates a less congested commuting environment. Companies have used telecommuting as a way of keeping valued employees who might otherwise be lost due to relocation or commuting stress. Although some people feel they can be more productive when working at home, others prefer an office environment.

telecommuting

The practice of working at home and communicating with your fellow workers through the phone, typically with a computer and modem. Telecommuting saves the employee getting to and from work and saves the employer from supplying support services such as heating and cleaning, but it can also deprive the worker of social contact and support.

telecommuting

Working at home and communicating with the office by phone, e-mail and video conferencing. At the beginning of the 21st century, more than 30 million Americans were telecommuting at least one day a week. Also called "teleworking" and "e-working."

Telecommuting Goes Way Back
In the 1960s, information technology was one of the first industries to let employees telecommute. A small number of programmers worked at home one or more days a week; however, the only link to the office was the telephone. There were no modems attached to desktop computers because there were no desktop computers. A few programmers may have had the luxury of a terminal connected to a mainframe or minicomputer, but the majority wrote source code using pencil and paper. They later created the input by "punching cards" and testing the program at a local datacenter. See virtual company, telecity, ROWE and hoteling.


A Lot Has Changed
Today, telecommuters can emulate "being there" with devices such as the Double from Double Robotics. See telepresence. (Image courtesy of Double Robotics, Inc., www.doublerobotics.com)
References in periodicals archive ?
The selection of Metastorm by a telecommunications leader like Telenor speaks volumes about the value that e-Work provides to organizations all over the world," stated Neil Berry, director of Northern Europe for Metastorm.
Under the terms of the agreement, enterprise customers can now leverage BPM capabilities through Computhink's ViewWise e-Work Connector, which allows companies to integrate ViewWise 5.
The half-day Technology Symposium on the last day will be packed with technical topics geared toward Project Managers and e-Work Developers around enhancing and extending Metastorm e-Work implementations.
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Of particular note is that e-Work is the only BPM product to meet the criteria for Gold Certified Partner status.
e-Work is at the heart of Access Stirling, the Council's Modernising Government programme that attracted one of the highest funding awards in Scotland.
We are committed to the Australian market and to working closely with companies like Granger to ensure that Metastorm e-Work is delivered to all organizations that have a need to improve complex business processes and create greater efficient, control and agility.
Both the GroupWise(R) Connector and the e-Work Connector - that respectively provide the integration with Novell's GroupWise(R) application and MetaStorm's eWork(R) workflow application have been significantly upgraded.
However, the true value of e-Work comes through integrating our processes with our back-end systems, making every process seamless from initiation through completion.
Although this was the impetus for seeking BPM, we realized the additional benefits of Metastorm e-Work once we looked into it.
Flexible, scalable and compatible with legacy systems, e-Work solutions deploy quickly to provide efficiency with near-immediate and trackable ROI across the enterprise.