sodium benzoate

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Related to E211: E224

sodium benzoate

or

benzoate of soda,

chemical compound, C6H5CO2Na, colorless or white crystalline, aromatic compound; the sodium salt of benzoic acidbenzoic acid
, C6H5CO2H, crystalline solid organic acid that melts at 122°C; and boils at 249°C;. It is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid (see aryl group and carboxyl group).
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. It is soluble in water and is used as a preservative in foods and beverages; because it is poisonous, the concentration is limited by law to 0.1%.

sodium benzoate

[′sōd·ē·əm ′ben·zə‚wāt]
(organic chemistry)
NaC7H5O2 Water- and alcohol-soluble, white, amorphous crystals with a sweetish taste; used as a food preservative and an antiseptic and in tobacco, pharmaceuticals, and medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the 2012 Bhutan strain still retained the E211 amino acid, which is also found in the India 2010 strain (11).
Banned in: Norway and Austria What: E211 - Sodium Benzoate Where: A preservative found in soft drinks, salad dressings, barbecue and other table sources Effect: There are fears that it forms benzene - a carcinogenic chemical - when it reacts with ascorbic acid (vitamin C) which is used as another preservative in soft drinks.
Preservatives to avoid: E210 Benzoic acid; E211 Sodium benzoate; E211 Potassium benzoate; E213 Calcium benzoate; E214 Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E215 Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E216 Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E217 Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E218 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; E219 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt; E220 Sulphur dioxide; E221 Sodium dioxide; E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite; E223 Sodium metabisulphite; E224 Potassium metabisulphite; E226 Calcium sulphite; E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite; E230 Biphenyl; E231 2-Hydroxybiphenyl; E232 Sodium biphenyl-2-yl oxide; E233 2-(Thiazol-4-yl) benzimidazole; E239 Hexaminep; E249 Potassium nitrite; E250 Sodium nitrite; E251 Sodium nitrate; E252 Potassium nitrate.
One, E211, described in the French centre's report as carcinogenic - able to cause cancerous cells to form - can be found in some diet colas.