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see European Coal and Steel CommunityEuropean Coal and Steel Community
(ECSC), 1st treaty organization of what has become the European Union; established by the Treaty of Paris (1952). It is also known as the Schuman Plan, after the French foreign minister, Robert Schuman, who proposed it in 1950.
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Mohammed Y Rafie, chairman of Taqa and ECSC says: "We are delighted to have completed this agreement with Sadara and we have every confidence that this strategic relationship will fulfill our ambitious plan to create a world class chemical production facility in Jubail to support Saudi Aramco Exploration & Production activities and customers in the wider region".
This is very different from the context of the ECSC Treaty, in which the national element did not exist.
These social reasons, together with more technical and economic factors, made it impossible for the ECSC to adapt coal production to meet the short-term fluctuations in coal demand.
According to ECSC, the return on investment in new these technologies begins almost immediately, producing energy savings that allow building owners to recoup their investment in the upgrade in as few as 2 to 3 years, and continue saving over the 10- to 20-year lifespan of the products.
It was set up when the ECSC treaty expired in 2002 to retain the valuable expertise it had built up over its 50 years' activity, to continue structured dialogue in the original areas of coal and steel but also to gradually expand the ECSC's original remit to cover all aspects of industrial change and its repercussions on employment, social and structural policy measures, aid and competition policy, research and technological development, sustainable development, trade policies and other areas.
Gathered on December 5 in Brussels, EU Industry Minister were unable to give their verdict about the legal deadlock affecting the application of the European Commission plans for managing the ECSC assets after the Treaty has expired.
The judges ruled that the anti-competitive deeds dated back to 1994 for ArcelorMittal Luxembourg and to 1998 for ThyssenKrupp Nirosta, ie before the expiry of the ECSC Treaty and that the principles of legal security and protection of legitimate expectations impose a continuity of these rules and that the companies cannot ignore the consequences of their conduct or expect to escape any punishment due to the expiry of the ECSC Treaty.
The next nail in the coffin of European national sovereignty came on March 25, 1957 with the signing by the six ECSC nations (France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) of the two Treaties of Rome.
Mr Kubla plans to finalise the agreement on the allocation of funds to onward research into coal and steel following the official expiry of the ECSC Treaty on July 23, 2002.
ECSC has investigated around 100 roofs around the city and selected buildings that offer good income generating capacity and have a community purpose, such as schools and community centres.