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ETA

Euzkadi ta Askatsuna: an organization of militant Basque nationalists attempting to gain independence for the Basques, esp those ruled by Spain, until a cease-fire in 1998, by means of guerrilla warfare

eta

(η) The seventh letter of the Greek alphabet, used in stellar nomenclature usually to designate the seventh-brightest star in a constellation or sometimes to indicate a star's position in a group.

Eta

 

an outcast class in feudal Japan. The term “eta” is also applied to a member of the class.

The eta caste arose between the fourth and seventh centuries, when Buddhism was spreading throughout the country and the feudal system was taking root. The eta engaged in occupations considered unclean in Buddhism, such as the slaughtering and skinning of animals and the tanning of hides. They had no rights whatsoever, and all spheres of their life were strictly regulated. They could live only in specified areas or hamlets (buraku) and were forbidden to marry members of other classes.

In 1871 the caste was formally abolished, and the eta were incorporated into the third caste as shinheimin (new commoners). Discrimination against them continued, however. In 1922 the Suiheisha (Society for the Equalization of Rights) was founded to fight inequality in various spheres of life, such as the choice of an occupation. The society established contact with other democratic organizations. The Buraku Kaihoodoomei (League for the Liberation of the Buraku), which was founded in 1946, fights discrimination and works for improvement in the living standards of the descendants of the eta.

ETA

References in periodicals archive ?
Examination of Figure 2 shows clearly that the 2013 eta Aquariids peaked well above the historical ZHR~80, and indeed were above this level for two full days.
The Comprehensive Facilities Inventory ETA will capture the information necessary to establish an Enterprise Infrastructure Asset baseline of the current NMCI infrastructure.
org/meteor-showers/meteor-shower-calendar/) states that southern tropics will have more visibility on the Eta Aquarids.
The eta was launched in 1983 to meet the education needs of fitness practitioners in South Africa.
With their very reasons for existence threatened, and a growing dependence on ties outside the countries in which they are located, solutions with organizations such as the ETA and the Irish IRA are hard to come by directly.
Spain in recent years has repeatedly refused any negotiations with ETA -- talks in 2006 went nowhere and ended in a return to violence by the group.
Three weeks ago, Eta announced its 11th ceasefire in its 40-year violent campaign for an independent homeland, but it did not mention the word permanent nor did it say it would be prepared to destroy its stockpile of arms.
The ETA BETA UK website has a countdown clock with the remaining time until the launch date.
He added that ETA had taken steps to encourage competition and avoid conflicts of interest.
A rare promise to keep in todayCOs swarming real estate market; every ETA Star property is as per schedule and construction is progressing at an aggressive pace.
A suspected Eta gunman killed a former town councillor in the Basque region on March 7.
Giants like Eta Carinae, which is around 100 to 150 times the mass of the sun, eventually burn out and explode in a brilliant outburst, or supernova.